Edvard Beneš, sometimes anglicised to Edward Benesh, was a Czech politician and statesman who was President of Czechoslovakia from 1935 to 1938 and again from 1945 to 1948. As President, Beneš faced two major crises which both resulted in his resignation. His first resignation came after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1938 which resulted in forming of Czechoslovak government in exile and the second regarding the 1948 communist coup d'état. He was also Minister of Foreign Affairs and 4th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. A member of the Czechoslovak National Social Party, he was known as a skilled diplomat.