Sergey Mikhaylovich Prokudin-Gorsky was a chemist and photographer of the Russian Empire. He is best known for his pioneering work in colour photography and his effort to document early 20th-century Russia.
Using a railroad-car darkroom provided by Tsar Nicholas II, Prokudin-Gorsky traveled the Russian Empire from around 1909 to 1915 using his three-image colour photography to record its many aspects. While some of his negatives were lost, the majority ended up in the U.S. Library of Congress after his death. Starting in 2000, the negatives were digitised and the colour triples for each subject digitally combined to produce hundreds of high-quality colour images of Russia and its neighbors from over a century ago.