According to the Biblical narrative, Solomon's Temple, also known as the First Temple, was a temple in Jerusalem built under King Solomon's reign and completed in 957 BCE. The Temple was looted and then destroyed in 586/587 BCE at the hands of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II, who also deported the Jews to Babylon. The destruction of the temple and the deportation were seen as fulfillments of prophecy and strengthened Judaic religious beliefs.
The Hebrew Bible describes how Solomon's father, David, the great warrior king, united the Israelite tribes, captured Jerusalem and brought the Israelite's central artifact, the Ark of the Covenant, into the city. David chose Mount Moriah in Jerusalem as the site for a future temple to house the Ark, today known as the Temple Mount or Haram al-Sharif. However, God would not let him build the Temple, for he had "shed much blood." Instead, his son Solomon, known for being an ambitious builder of public works, built it. He placed the Ark in the Holy of Holies, the windowless innermost room and most sacred area of the Temple. In the Holy of Holies, God's presence rested.