Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi was an Italian statesman who founded the Christian Democracy party.
From 1945 to 1953, De Gasperi was the Prime Minister of Italy, leading eight successive coalition governments. He was the last Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy, serving under both King Victor Emmanuel III and King Umberto II. His eight-year term in office remains a landmark of political longevity for a leader in modern Italian politics. De Gasperi is the fifth longest-serving Prime Minister since the Italian Unification.
A Catholic, he was one of the founding fathers of the European Union along with fellow Italian Altiero Spinelli.