Bogor is a city in the West Java province, Indonesia. Located around 60 kilometers south from the national capital of Jakarta, Bogor is the 6th largest city of Jabodetabek and the 14th nationwide. The city covers an area of 118.5 km², and it had a population of 950,334 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate was 1,030,720. Bogor is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort.
In the Middle Ages, the city served as the capital of Sunda Kingdom and was called Pakuan Pajajaran or Dayeuh Pakuan. During the Dutch colonial era, it was named Buitenzorg and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General of Dutch East Indies.
With several hundred thousand people living on an area of about 20 km², the central part of Bogor is one of the world's most densely populated areas. The city has a presidential palace and a botanical garden – one of the oldest and largest in the world. It bears the nickname "the Rain City", because of frequent rain showers. It nearly always rains even during the dry season.