José Sanjurjo y Sacanell, was a Spanish general, one of the military leaders who plotted the July 1936 coup d'etat which started the Spanish Civil War.
He was endowed the nobiliary title of Marquis of the Rif in 1927.
A monarchist opponent of the Second Spanish Republic, he led a coup d'etat known as la Sanjurjada in August 1932, which was easily aborted by the authorities. Initially condemned to death, the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment and he was eventually amnestied in 1934 by the government of Alejandro Lerroux formed after the 1933 general election.
He took part, from his self exile in Portugal, in the military plot for the 1936 coup d'etat. Following the coup, Sanjurjo, expected by some to become the commander-in-chief of the Rebel faction, was killed in an air crash on the third day of the war, when moving back to Spain. He had chosen to fly in a small, overloaded plane, because the pilot was a friend of his. Sabotage was suspected, but never proven.