Government Camp is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, south of Mount Hood and north of Tom Dick and Harry Mountain. It is the only town within 5 miles of Mount Hood and therefore is the de facto "mountain town". It is a gateway to several ski resorts, the most popular being Timberline Lodge and Mount Hood Skibowl. Government Camp also has its own, smaller ski resort, Summit Ski Area. Somewhat farther east there is another very popular resort, Mount Hood Meadows.
The community is located within the Mount Hood Corridor on U.S. Route 26, near its intersection with Oregon Route 35 and the Barlow Pass summit of the Cascade Range. As of the 2010 census, the community had a population of 193. The government's 2016 estimate indicated a population of 121 persons.
Government Camp was given its name by settlers traveling the Barlow Road, who discovered several wagons abandoned there by the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. A sign in front of the town's post office states, "Formerly a camp on the old Barlow Road, the village was named in 1849 when U.S Cavalry troops were forced to abandon wagons and supplies here."