Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey since its establishment in 1923. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center and 5,150,072 in its province, it is Turkey's second largest city after the former imperial capital Istanbul, having overtaken İzmir in the 20th century.
On 23 April 1920 the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established in Ankara, which became the headquarters of Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. Ankara has been the capital of the Turkish Republic since its establishment in 1923, having replaced Istanbul following the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The government is a prominent employer, but Ankara is also an important commercial and industrial city, located at the center of Turkey's road and railway networks. The city gave its name to the Angora wool shorn from Angora rabbits, the long-haired Angora goat, and the Angora cat. The area is also known for its pears, honey and muscat grapes.