The Kamakura shogunate was a Japanese feudal military government that ruled from 1185 to 1333. The heads of the government were the shōguns. The first three were members of the Minamoto clan. The next two were members of the Fujiwara clan. The last six were minor Imperial princes.
These years are known as the Kamakura period. The period takes its name from the city where the Minamoto shōguns lived.
After 1203, the Hōjō clan held the office of shikken. In effect, the shikken governed in the name of the shōguns.