Pan-Arab colors

The Pan-Arab colours are black, white, green, and red. Individually, each of the four Pan-Arab colours were intended to represent a certain historical Arab dynasty, or era. The black represents the Black Standard used by the Rashidun and Abbasid caliphates, white was the Umayyad dynastic colour, green was the Fatimid dynastic colour as well as a colour strongly associated with Islam generally – and therefore also a color representative of the Rashidun Caliphate – and red was the Hashemite dynastic colour. The four colours also derived their potency from a verse by 14th century Iraqi poet Safi al-Din al-Hilli: "White are our acts, black our battles, green our fields, and red our swords".
Pan-Arab colours, used individually in the past, were first combined in 1916 in the flag of the Arab Revolt or Flag of Hejaz, designed by the British diplomat Sir Mark Sykes. Many current flags are based on Arab Revolt colours, such as the flags of Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and the United Arab Emirates, and formerly in the flag of the brief union of the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan.
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