Royal ladies of the Joseon dynasty wore garments and personal ornaments that symbolized their rank in the royal court. The court dresses, such as Pheasant-Patterned Ceremonial Robe(jeogui) worn by queens and princesses for formal occasions include robes decorated with symbolic creatures, and lavishly decorated pouches and items of jewelry that only the court ladies were permitted to wear.
The decorations on the pheasant-patterned ceremonial robe were naturally full of symbolic meaning. The pheasant symbolized love and a long life together in marriage, and were embroidered in five colors of blue, white, red, black, and yellow, each color symbolizing benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and trust. These were the virtues that the queen was expected to embody.
Round patches with five-clawed dragon designs Ojoryong(五爪龍) embroidered with gold thread were also attached on the breast, back, and both shoulders. The pheasant-patterned robe, originally made of red silk, was worn by the queen and crown princess until the end of the dynasty, and changed
into blue after the king and queen were elevated to the status of emperor and empress in 1897.
NATIONAL PALACE MUSEUM OF KOREA