The history of the Museum
The Kobe Fashion Museum is Japan’s first public sector museum specializing in fashion. Opened on April 25, 1997, it symbolizes Kobe as the City of Fashion. Aiming to promote fashion-related industry and culture, it also functions as a facility for training and education, publicity and communication, and for attracting visitors.
Grand coronation robes (Emperor Napoleon I, Empress Josephine)
These are reconstructions of the grand coronation robes worn on December 2, 1804 by Emperor Napoleon I of France and Empress Josephine for his consecration and her coronation. The robes were reconstructed by Atelier Brocard, the direct successor to Maison Picot, which embroidered the original grand coronation robes.
The straight lines and simple silhouette of the empire style dress provide a strong visual statement marking the advent of a new period of history. At the same time, these robes incorporate elements of traditional court costume, such as the velvet cape, white ermine fur, and gold thread embroidery, giving an air of majesty.
Silk satin, silk velvet, gold thread, flat gold thread, white ermine and rabbit fur, silver and zircon
Reconstructed by Atelier Brocard
18th century collection
This collection focuses on European women’s clothing of the 18th century, but also includes menswear, fans, and accessories. Robe à la française is a type of women’s gown that was worn throughout the 18th century. Attached to the chest is a panel of fabric known as a stomacher. The neck and front panels are decorated with frills and fly fringes.
19th century collection
This collection focuses on 19th century European women’s clothing, but also includes men’s suits, hats and shawls, reticules and other accessories. There are examples of day dresses and evening dresses in romantic style, characterized by bell-like silhouette skirts; crinoline style, which is worn with underwear called crinolines to provide volume to the skirt; and bustle style, which uses a frame attached below the waist to give volume at the rear.
Folk costumes and ceremonial robes
The museum also has 19th century and 20th century costumes and decorative articles from many different regions. They include examples of a long kurta worn by Maharajah class men in India, and costumes such as embroidered semi-formal court robes worn by the Qing Dynasty royal family in China, employing unparalleled hand work.
The museum possesses about 1,500 fashion plates from publications such as Gazette du bon ton and Modes et manières d’aujourd’hui.
There are over 300 mannequins, broadly categorized into three types: Mannequins made to suit Western historical dress of the 18th and 19th centuries, mannequins suitable for 20th century and later clothing, and wooden mannequins made for folk costumes.
18th–19th century mannequins
To create mannequins appropriate for clothing of different periods and styles, over 200 garments from the collection were measured many times to provide the detailed data needed for designing mannequins that could be shared by as large a range of clothing as possible. Hairstyles and makeup are selected so as to best reflect the atmosphere of each period and location.
The modern mannequins, they did not need as much specialized specifications as the x above, but the museum created 50 mannequins while keeping in mind the beauty and quality needed to represent the museum. The mannequins have blue skin since they were originally planned to be displayed on a blue stage.
Through the folk costumes of the world region, we introduce costume structure roughly divided into five types, "waist cloth type", "wound cloth type" "lengthening type", "front opening type", "body type".
We will exhibit the properties and texture of natural materials such as "silk" "hair" "cotton" "hemp" etc. and new materials to be developed daily using samples.
We introduce various natural dyes produced from plants and animals, and textile products with synthetic dyes.
Costumes restored by the collaborative project with Osaka Shoin Women's University will be exhibited. The reconstructed material that accurately reproduced the original can be touched in practice, and you can check the structure, technique and so on.