The finest fortresses the Joseon dynasty
It differed from the fortresses in China and Japan in that it combined military, political and commercial functions. Hwaseong Fortress represents the pinnacle of 18th century military architecture, incorporating the best scientific ideas from Europe and East Asia brought together through careful study by scholars from the School of Practical Learning. It demonstrates important developments in construction and the use of materials that reflects the interchange of scientific and technical achievements between the East and West. The fortress had a great influence on the development of Korean architecture, urban planning, and landscaping and related arts.
The walls incorporate a number of defensive features, most of which are intact. These include floodgates, observation towers, command posts, multiple arrow launcher towers, firearm bastions, angle towers, secret gates, beacon towers, bastions and bunkers. There are four main gates at the cardinal points. The west(Hwaseomun) and east(Changnyongmun) gates are single-storey structures, also protected by ravelins. The Paldalmun Gate in the south and the Janganmun Gate in the north are impressive two-storey wooden structures on stone bases. They are linked to the main road running through the complex. From now on, let me start with the Paldalmun in the south and the flower of castle architecture, Suwon Hwaseong.