Other treasures

Biblioteca Teresiana

The Teresiana Library contains many documents from many different periods in time: medieval manuscripts, handwritten and printed books from the Jewish community, letters belonging to noble families, incunabula, maps. Here are four examples that refer to the myth of Orpheus, a recurrent myth in the history of the city, from Virgil to Poliziano and Monteverdi.

The great map
Perspective map of the city designed by Gabriele Bertazzolo, printed by Ludovico Delfichi in 1628. Copper engraving 768x1156 mm. This is the conclusion of the 1595 edition. The planning is the same but the setting reveal all the changes of the urban fabric in the time. The author worked a lot on the first map in order to enrich it and to arrive at this final writing, published two years after his death. The unfinished works should have been delivered at the Jesuits college in 1626.
A modern Mantova
Topographic map of the city and its surroundings, printed in 1880. Copper engraving 625x456mm. From a techincal point of view the map doesn't notice innovation or progress however it is interesting for the hidrographic situation of the city during the XIX century.
The city suspended on the lakes
Perspective view designed by Friedrich Bernhard Werner, printed in Augsburg in the first part of the XVII century. Copper engraving in black, white and colours, 310x1030mm. This view adopts a scenographic setting which was largely reused in the following century by a lot of authors. The size of the view permit to enjoy  the panning shot of the city. The dimensions of the shape and the high level of technical execution lend the map an extraordinary graphic effect. For this reasons the paper benefit (per questi motivi la carta godette lunga fortuna e produsse numerose filiazioni). It was printed both alone and with collections.
Mantua territory
Geographic map of the territory made by Vincenzo Coronelli and printed starting from 1890.  Copper engraving, 450x590 mm. This is one of the few papers of the seventeen century that doesn’t present any type of, direct or indirect, reference with the Maginian production. From a cartographic point of view it doesn’t mark important progress, even if it presents peculiar features it is less important than the maginian. It is better than the maginian in the pleasant decorative effect, but it is not at the same technical level.    
A Successful Synthesis
Topographic map of the city and its surroundings published by Nicolas de Fer in Paris in 1702 and 1705. Copper engravings black, white and colours, 233x341 mm. It is another example of the representation of the map of the city with only the fortify boundaries. It is one of the many military papers created and propagated in France during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Poliziano's Orfeo
The code includes  first writing of "Orfeo" by Angelo Polizano, probably made in Mantua for a court performance in 1480. The performance had an historical importance for the city because starting from that moment will begin a considerable theatral activities.
Monteverdi's Orfeo
Orpheus was composed by Claudio Monteverdi, the libretto was by the Mantuan Alessandro Striggio. The work was performed at the Accademia degli Invitti during the carnival in 1609. Although it is not the first example of composition that uses vernacular language, the Orpheus is recognized as being the first work in the opera genre. After the death of the composer it was not performed for some time, but in the nineteenth century it became one of the most staged works, thanks to the perfection of its music and beauty of the text. It is interesting to note that the story of Orpheus and Eurydice often inspired Mantuan artists: also the Orphues by Poliziano develops the same themes and is in continuity with the work of Virgil. The history of the performances of the opera by Monteverdi clearly confirms that the Gonzaga court was at the beginning seventeenth century one of the most important cultural centres in Europe for its theatrical production. 
Voltaire
Two letter of Voltaire kept into the Bettinellian correspondence, proof of respect and consideration of the European cultural world. The Jesuit Saverio Bettinelli met for the first time the French philosopher in November 1758 in Geneve, honor him with his volume, recently printed, that include the “Virgilian letters”
Credits: Story

Ideato e promosso da / Founded and Promoted by:
Mattia Palazzi (Sindaco del Comune di Mantova)
con Lorenza Baroncelli (Assessore alla rigenerazione urbana e del territorio, marketing urbano, progetti e relazioni internazionali del Comune di Mantova)

Coordinamento Scientifico / Scientific Coordinator:
Sebastiano Sali

Curatore testi e immagini / Superintendent texts and images:
Giovanni Pasetti

Foto di / Photo by:
Gian Maria Pontiroli

Redazione/ Editors:
Erica Beccalossi
Sara Crimella
Carlotta Depalmas
Veronica Zirelli

In collaborazione con / In collaboration with:
Biblioteca Teresiana

Un ringraziamento speciale a / A special thanks to:
Cesare Guerra
Pasquale Di Viesti
Emma Catherine Gainsforth

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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