Bianka Hassel and her Liberation from the Theresienstadt Ghetto
This certificate gave Bianka Hassel permission to travel to her home country. One whole month had gone by since the end of the war, and her children were still waiting in vain for their mother to arrive.
Not only the Czech authorities but also the French Commission, the American Joint Distribution Committee, and the Red Army helped organize displaced prisoners’ return home.
The liberated ghetto was under the command of the Red Army. In order to be able to return to Berlin, Bianka Hassel needed a pass, which was issued her by a Soviet commandant. He tersely certified that: “the citizen Gosel Bilanka [Hassel Bianka] is permitted to leave the Terezin camp with her luggage.”
Bianka Hassel’s luggage was sent to Berlin and arrived at the Jewish Hospital in Iranische Strasse. The Jewish Community of Berlin forwarded this information on a postcard addressed to Bianka Hassel.
Evidently, the Community had not been informed of her death and assumed that she had returned to Berlin on one of the transports.
All documents and photographs:
Jewish Museum Berlin:
– Hassel Family Collection
– Getzel / Domke Family Collection
– Gertrud and Margarete Zuelzer Collection
– Fritz Rathenau Collection
Text and exhibit selection: Franziska Bogdanov
Editor: Henriette Kolb, Jörg Waßmer, assistance: Lisa Schank
Translation: Jill Denton
Proofreading: Julia Bosson
Photo reproduction: Jens Ziehe
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the donors Hella Hassel (Z"L), Ingrid Beck, Max Bloch and Jan J. Rathenau.