Ancient botanical collection at Reggio Emilia Civic Museum
Giacomo Zanoni (1615-1682), born in Montecchio (RE), has been the Director for more than 40 years of the Botanic Garden of Bologna. He is the author of an important book: “Istoria botanica” and he is also the author of a plant collection perfectly conserved. It has 184 plants: they are finely arranged, fixed directly on paper sheets with elegant labels
Born in Reggio Emilia in 1763, Filippo Re set his mind to the study of plant physiology, testing the plant nutrition. Through his studies he helped the rebirth of agriculture and the land reform in Reggio Emilia. He taught Botanic and Agronomy at Reggio Emilia high school and than, for Napoleon's will, he became Professor of Agriculture at Bologna University. Here he was also the Rector from 1805 to 1806. Later he had the chair of Agricultural Botany at Modena University and was the Director of Modena Botanical Garden from 1814 to 1817. He died in Reggio Emilia in 1817 during a typhus fever epidemic.
In the mid 18th century Carl Linnaeus (Carl von Linne, 1707-1778, a Swedish botanist and zoologist), provided the answer to the need of having a unique name for the botanical species. He introduced the binomial species naming system, encoded in his work "Species plantarum" (1753). At the end of the 18th century the Linnaean nomenclature was in use among all the european scholars: even Filippo Re arranged in this way his extensive herbarium.
His Herbarium consists of 7214 sheets collecting about 5200 species, arranged in 155 cases. They are ordered on the basis of Linneo method based on Classes (marked by male sex organ) and Orders (marked by female ones). It has species both from Reggio Emilia area and from different places thorughout the world. Except few exceptions we haven't informations about the places they come from, neither the date they were picked up. For most of them the preservation status is good.
Filippo Re works treated multiple topics, from plant diseases to the use of various types of manure, from the alfalfa crop to spelled, melon, strawberry, cotton, etc. These include: "Saggio sulla coltivazione e su gli usi del pomo di terra e specialmente come valga a migliorare i terreni", "L'ortolano dirozzato", "Il giardiniere avviato all'esercizio della sua professione", "Elementi di agricoltura"
Musei Civici of Reggio Emilia would like to thanks:
Google Cultural Institute
Massimo Magnani, dir. Area Competitività e innovazione sociale
Elisabetta Farioli, dir. Musei Civici
Silvia Chicchi, ispettore naturalista
Georgia Cantoni, coordinamento redazionale
Selene Cabibbo, Andrea Viani, redazione
Fabrizio Giacchè, Marina Notari, collaboratori