Creating volume using interior structures or ample rigid fabrics, separated from the body.
The natural forms of the body are reduced, especially the thorax and waist.
Enhancing the vertical to make the body look taller.
The forms of the body are outlined, without being altered.
The silhouette is suggested, showing legs and arms and bare skin.
Haute Couture and Balenciaga
The Paris fashion system imposes its dominance worldwide. Star designers create original models, presented at twice-yearly fashion shows. Outfits are handmade, and personally tailored for an exclusive coterie of clients.
The New Look created by French designer Christian Dior (1905-1957) in 1947 emphasizes the female form, with the return of the corset and petticoats, as in the past.
Cristóbal Balenciaga (1895-1972) was a master in the exploration of forms and volumes, combining several actions in a single outfit: increasing and reducing, profiling and shifting. His lines, achieved with new processes for making up, have influenced all subsequent fashion.
The Cooperativa de Alta Costura
Pedro Rodríguez (1895-1990) created the Cooperativa de Alta Costura in Barcelona. The Cooperativa organized the Salones de la Moda Española fashion shows featuring the 'big five' Spanish labels: Asunción Bastida, Pedro Rodríguez, El Dique Flotante, Santa Eulalia and Manuel Pertegaz.
Museu del Disseny de Barcelona
Teresa Bastardes and Silvia Ventosa. Department of Collections, with the collaboration of the Department of Exhibitions.
Based on the 'Dressing the body' exhibition at Museu del Disseny de Barcelona.