Everyone has heard about German camps like Auschwitz or Treblinka. But very few have heard about Gusen, where more than 35 000 people were murdered. Our exhibition is a journey to hell and how the traces of it are constantly being decimated.
In the face of allied air strikes the authorities of the Third Reich decided to move the armaments production underground. The secret project of building an adit called “B8 Bergkristall” was executed in St. Georgen, east of Linz. Many prisoners died buried under sand and stone: “Those prisoners were not even salvaged from the rubble,” Tadeusz Hanuszek recalls.
Identification numbers were not tattooed on the bodies of the prisoners in KL Mauthausen-Gusen. Camp badges with a number, primarily next to triangles, were sewn on prisoners uniforms. They had specific meanings indicated by colour (the reason for being arrested) and the letter, which referred to nationality.
Script and concept of the exhibition:
Marek Zając, Dariusz Pawłoś (Fundacja Polsko-Niemieckie Pojednanie)
Jette Helberg (German, English), Brandon Lewis (English), Witold Milczarek (English), Monika Partyka (English), David Rojkowski (German)
Some of quotes used in the exhibition were collected within the project “The Mauthausen Survivors”. Part of them has been shortened and minor corrections have been applied, always preserving the original meaning.
Jette Helberg, Ingeborga Jaworska-Róg, Brandon Lewis, Monika Partyka, Dariusz Pawłoś