Although bufu (patch garments) were worn at the court of the first Qing emperor, costume regulations issued in 1759 required all courtiers to wear dark blue or black bufu over their brilliantly colored polychrome semiformal robes. Typically fitted with an insignia badge on the front and back, the bufu focused the viewer's attention on the wearer's rank rather than the opulence of his dragon robe.
The decorative pattern on this wedding robe was largely created by dyeing and painting on the base fabric. Throughout East Asia, textile artists sought to express auspicious wishes for the bridal couple through the ornament of wedding robes. Through a deft intermingling of needle and brush, this robe depicts cranes and pine trees, widely recognized symbols of immortality throughout East Asia, in a naturalistic landscape setting.
The Chung Young Yang Embroidery Museum, Sookmyung Women's University