Embellishment and textile
Fragment of fabric (1740-1750)
The plant world is the favourite subject of textile designers. At the end of the XVIIth century, velvet gardens initiate a naturalistic treatment of flowers. In the Age of Enlightenment a taste for the sciences continues the quest for a more real representation of nature. Served by progress in weaving it allows the colourful nuances of plants to be modelled. At the same time, the city of Lyon has set up a teaching system to train "flowers designers" for the needs of the manufacturers. In addition to the traditional collections of embellishments, models are also drawn from botanical boards.
After the ban is lifted in 1759, local Indian trade and production can finally resume. The most famous factory is then created by Jean-Philippe Oberkampf in Jouy near Versailles. It must be emphasised that many sumptuous edicts have punctuated the history of textiles, but never had a royal decision weighed for so long.
Text and choice of images: Corinne Dumas-Toulouse, Art historian and speaker at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs
Editorial coordination of the virtual exhibition: Maude Bass-Krueger, assisted by Alexandra Harwood and César Imbert