The History of Slovak Parliamentarism
The elections to the Hungarian Assembly which were not secret, were accompanied by a big amount of violence, threats, and vote buying all in order to avoid the election of non-Magyar candidates. Therefore, the number of deputies representing Slovaks was very low. Seven – at most – came out of the elections in 1906.
The key act of the newly formed SNC was the adoption of the Declaration of the Slovak nation, which under the right of self-determination expressed the political will to withdraw from the Hungarian Kingdom and to live in a common state with the Czechs. It also said that on behalf of the Slovak nation, only the SNC was entitled to speak.
This act was important for the legitimacy of Czechoslovakia and its recognition by the Paris Peace Conference. Even this time, however, the Slovak National Council has failed to gain complete power in Slovakia and its’ existence was only of short duration – in January 1919, it was abolished by the central authorities.
According to the Slovak Constitution, adopted in Assembly in July 1939, this state became a republic. Legislative power had limited competence in favour of the executive power and due to development at the end of the war, it lost the opportunity to influence the post-war constitutional arrangements.
The process of democratization forcibly cut off the army invasion of Warsaw Pact into the Czechoslovakia in August 1968. The occupation significantly influenced the further constitutional development in the state. Many articles of the Constitutional Act remained only on paper. The Party's bureaucratic decision-making and Prague’s centralism became fixed.
The 150-seat unicameral Slovak National Council, acting in its 8th legislative term, was co-opted by new, non-Communist deputies. In June 1990 the first free elections were held. National Council in 1990 - 1992 was historically the first ever truly democratically elected parliament in Slovak history.
The exhibition was prepared by the employees of Chancellery of the National Council of the Slovak Republic
Elaborated by Natália Petranská Rolková
Collaboration Vladislav Ivančík
Photos: Matúš Zajac, Pavol Urbánek, Vladislav Ivančík, Ivan Mrva, Martin Ličko, Vladimír Kuric, TASR
Parliamentary Institute, Chancellery of NC SR