Hokutolite is a variety of barytes of deposited Barite (BaSO4) by very acid hot springs. Generally it also contains minor strontium and minute traces of radium, marking a recent deposit. Hokutolite is mineral of very rare occurrence worldwide. It crystallizes precipitatedly from hot spring water of geothermal valley at Hokuto (Beitou). Hokutolite is the only one mineral named after a place of Taiwan.
Glaucophane schist was metamorphic rock formed in the low-temperature and high-pressure environment, its protolith was mainly basic volcanic rock. It was formed by the high-pressure and low temperature regional metamorphism, indicating that the Pre-Pacific oceanic plate subducted toward west of the Eurasian plate.
The type of specimen was named by Tien et al. in 1975, and preserved in the collections of NMNS in 1989. Swinefordite is a hydrated clay mineral. These two specimens were collected from Foote Quarry, Cleveland County, NC, USA. One shows a stable phase of dehydration; the other unstable jelly phase of hydration.
This skull of Bubalus teilhardi was recovered by a fishery boat during trawling operations in the Penghu Channel between the Penghu Archipelago and the main island of Taiwan in the Taiwan Strait. Bubalus teilhardi had its origin in the Middle Pleistocene of northern China, from where it migrated to Taiwan by way of the land bridge between Taiwan and mainland China during the Glaciation in the Late Pleistocene.
This partial skull with both right and left upper molars of Palaeoloxodon huaihoensis was recovered from the Penghu Channel. Palaeoloxodon huaihoensis once lived around Huaiho River, northern China in Middle Pleistocene. The Taiwan strait were transformed to exposed shelf due to the sea level dropped by glacial advance. The new land can be inferred to have allowed large mammals, such as Palaeoloxodon huaihoensis to migrate, explore and inhabit it.