From the modernists to FAU
The Brazilian modernist revolution consecrated three principles: the right to aesthetic research, the updating of the Brazilian artistic intelligence and the stabilization of a national creative conscience (Mário de Andrade).Brecheret and Tarsila, constructivists of 1922. Artistic Family of São Paulo, Counterpoint. Portinari, Iberê Camargo, Ivan Serpa, Antônio Dias, Gerchman, Ohtake, Samson Flexor: diversity of languages.The constructivists Sacilotto and Nogueira Lima; the intuitive Volpi.The neo-concretism, from Ferreira Gullar to Lygia Clark and Oiticica, and the popcrete Waldemar Cordeiro. Opinião 65. Cinema Novo. Arena Theater, Oficina. New Brazilian Objectivity: affirmation of the constructive general will and positioning in relation to political, social and ethical issues (MAM-RJ 1967). Tropicália.Brutalism: a choice for the structural truth of the buildings. FAU designed as open space to all trends, all the expressions: “I thought it as the spatialization of democracy in worthy spaces, without entrance doors, because I wanted them as a temple where all activities are lawful” (Artigas). Turbulence zone: republican education, student demonstrations, meetings, ideas, inventions. Architecture, Art and Politics.Brechtian refunctionalization: forms and instrumentsat the service of social change (Benjamin).