Rediscover the 19th century through the lens of the history of art at the Lithuanian Art Centre TARTLE
They record both typical countryside estates as well as places belonging to individuals, like the Römer family home courtyard at the crossroads of Bokšto and Savičiaus streets.
The likeness of the artist's beloved horse entitled My Sorrel also reflects the nobility status.
At the same time, the 19th century developed an interest in society's third estate, the peasants. Their liberation from the serfdom and patriotic spirit were perceived as one of the pillars of the statehood since the 1794 uprising led by Tadeusz Kościuszko. That is also the character captured in the Cracovians in a Tavern depicted by Franciszek Smuglewicz.
The images of architecture evoking the outstanding historical events and persons functioned as a form of illustration of history. The views of churches and religious themes appearing outside altarpieces also helped to define the national identity by accentuating its Catholic aspect, also served to remind the pious of Christ's present among them, here and now.
The role of fine arts in educating society emerges, with a pinch of irony, in Roman Szwojnicki's Provincial Art. The painting ridicules the provincial's approach to art and indirectly advocates support for local art that is not trivial, but which looks at topical problems in society and embodies social ideals.
Text authors Rūta Janonienė, Dovilė Barcytė.