Thomas Joseph Mboya

Kenya National Archives

]Tom Mboya was one of the most prominent personalities in Kenyan history. Born on 15th August 1930, Thomas Joseph Mboya was assassinated on 5th July 1969 (age of 39). Tom Mboya was one of the most prominent personalities in Kenyan history. He was born Thomas Joseph Mboya on 15th August 1930 and was on 5th July 1969. It is widely believed that his profile and illustrious career as a brilliant and charismatic leader, which was seen as a challenge to the then political establishment, led to his assassination.As a renowned trade unionist, politician and statesman, Tom Mboya joined active politics in 1957 when he successfully contested and won a seat in the Legislative Council, and later in 1958 when he founded the Nairobi People’s Congress Party. He was later instrumental in forming the Kenya African National Union (KANU) that formed the government upon independence, and became its first Secretary General. At the time of his assassination, he held the Cabinet portfolio of Minister of Economic Planning and Development. [Source: http://www.tommboya.org/]

Introduction
]Tom Mboya was one of the most prominent personalities in Kenyan history. Born on 15th August 1930, Thomas Joseph Mboya was assassinated on 5th July 1969 (age of 39). Tom Mboya was one of the most prominent personalities in Kenyan history. He was born Thomas Joseph Mboya on 15th August 1930 and was on 5th July 1969. It is widely believed that his profile and illustrious career as a brilliant and charismatic leader, which was seen as a challenge to the then political establishment, led to his assassination.As a renowned trade unionist, politician and statesman, Tom Mboya joined active politics in 1957 when he successfully contested and won a seat in the Legislative Council, and later in 1958 when he founded the Nairobi People’s Congress Party. He was later instrumental in forming the Kenya African National Union (KANU) that formed the government upon independence, and became its first Secretary General. At the time of his assassination, he held the Cabinet portfolio of Minister of Economic Planning and Development. [Source: http://www.tommboya.org/]
The Family Man
Aside from being a national figure, Tom Mboya was a husband to Pamela Mboya (the daughter of a politician, Walter Odede) and a father to five children; Maureen Odero, Susan Mboya, Lucas Mboya and twin brothers Peter (died in a 2004 motorcycle accident) and Patrick (died aged four).After Tom's death, Pamela had one child, Tom Mboya Jr., with Alphonse Okuku, the brother of Tom Mboya. Pamela died of an illness in January 2009 while seeking treatment in South Africa. [Source: http://www.tommboya.org/]

1959: The Mboyas with their children; Maureen (standing) currently a sitting judge

Mboya family picture (July 1968): Maureen, Peter, Susan and Pamela Mboya with Barry Lucas standing with Tom Mboya

Tom Mboya's bride, Pamela Odede with his mother and father at his wedding in January 1962.

Tom Mboya in a racing car

Tom Mboya in Politics
Tom Moya was a prominent Kenyan trade unionist, educationist and Pan Africanist and held political positions. He was the Member of Parliament for Nairobi Central Constituency (today: Kamukunji Constituency).

Tom Mboya, Oginga Odinga and Jomo Kenyatta during Madaraka Celebrations.

Mboya, Secretary Gen. of KANU, carried high by supporters after winning Nairobi East seat by a landslide.

Tom Mboya with President Jomo Kenyatta.

LEFT TO RIGHT: Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, President Kenyatta and Tom Mboya

The then Vice President, Daniel Moi holds a small discussion with Mwai Kibaki and Tom Mboya.

Tom Mboya in Government
Tom Mboya became Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, and later Minister for Economic Planning and Development. In this role, he wrote the important "Sessional Paper 10" on Harambee and the Principles of African Socialism (adopted by Parliament in 1964), which provided a model of government based on African values. [Source: http://www.tommboya.org/]

Mboya, Min for Justice and Constitutional Affairs at Pumwani Sec School.

Tom Moboya (centered) as Kenyan minister alongside other dignitaries at an event.

Jomo Kenyatta, sitted left, joins a party of his ministers in a sing song during lunch at Tudor Hotel, Mombasa.

Tom Mboya opens Kangiata Tea Factory

Kenyatta is introduced to Nyanza P.C Murgor by the Min of Planning, Tom Mboya 1968

Tom Mboya as Minister for Economic Planning and Development with his assistant, Mwai Kibaki

President Kenyatta enjoys Rhumba at a dance in his honour held at Victotia Social Hall in Kisumu by Tom Mboya

Kenyatta, Tom Mboya and others at the airport on his return from Cairo

Publications on Tom Mboya
A number of publications have written about the enigma that was Tom Joseph Mboya

Tom Mboya on the cover of Time Magazine in March 1960

Daily Nation runs a heart-wrenching full page story on the death of Tom Mboya in 1969

A 308 paged story on Tom Mboya by David Goldsworthy. Published in 1982 by Africana Publishers.

His Spirit Lives On
Tom Mboya is buried in a mausoleum on Rusinga Island which was built in 1970. A street in Nairobi is named after him and is commemorated by the Tom Mboya Monument.
Kenya National Archives
Credits: Story

Research and curation:

1. Martin K. Maitha
2. Magunga Williams Oduor
3. Belva Digital team.

Photography: Bobbypall Photography

Text & Images: Kenya National Archives

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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