This exhibition presents how Presidency College (now Presidency University) was affected by the Independence movement and the role it played in the process of nation-building.
Letters regarding 'Modern Review'
Letters exchanged between the Director of Public Instruction of Bengal (DPI) and the principals of different government colleges of Bengal regarding the anti-British tone of 'Modern Review', a monthly English magazine of the nationalist intelligentsia of that period, edited by Ramananda Chatterjee (1865-1943).
Circular, 6th December 1933
Circular of the Political Department of the Government of Bengal, issued by B. R. Sen, the then Deputy Secretary to the Government of Bengal, ordering a review in the official policy with regard to placing of the government advertisements. This step was taken to stop the Indian newspapers from publishing subversive writings that gave impetus to the revolutionary activities.
Undated Leaflet, 1942
This leaflet, written in Bengali, was issued during the Quit India movement. It was found among the old documents of Presidency College (now Presidency University). The leaflet carries the last message of Mahatma Gandhi for his countrymen, before the former's arrest. It ends with his clarion call - Do or Die.
Undated Document, 1942
This leaflet, written in Bengali, was issued during the Quit India movement. It was found among the old documents of Presidency College (now Presidency University). This leaflet, meant to inspire the youth to take part in the final struggle for freedom, carries the pictures of two students who had sacrificed their lives for their motherland.
Notice, 30th September, 1947
Both Gandhiji and Netaji were avowed opponents of the Raj. Celebrations of their birthdays in a government institution like Presidency College were unthinkable events during the colonial period. This document, and the one following it, signify the ideological transformation which the prominent government institutions of the country underwent in the years immediately after independence. This is the notice which was issued by the Principal of Presidency College (now Presidency University) in order to declare holiday on account of Mahatma Gandhi's first birth anniversary after Independence.
Presidency University Museum
Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta
Endangered Archives Programme, British Library
Shiny Roychowdhury, Alumnus, Department of Sociology, Presidency University
Sandipan Mitra, Alumnus, Department of Sociology, Presidency University
Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar - From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India, Orient Blackswan, 2014 (2009), Hyderabad.
Bose, Sugata - His Majesty's Opponent: Subhas Chandra Bose and India's Struggle against Empire, Penguin Books, 2011, New Delhi.
Chandra, Bipan et al. - India's Struggle for Independence, 1857 - 1947, Penguin Books, 1989, New Delhi.
Dirks, Nicholas B. - Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India, Permanent Black, 2014 (2002), Delhi.