Intelligence mission for the command of the 3rd Ukrainian Frontwith autographs by representatives of the Supreme High Command General Headquarters Marshal of the Soviet Union S. K. Timoshenko. It belonged to Colonel P. G. Tyukhov, officer for special missions with Marshal of the Soviet Union S. K. Timoshenko. 1945
Radio intelligence report No.152 (a copy) at 11:00 on 14.02.1943 to the Commander of the Voronezh Front Colonel General F. I. Golikov from the intelligence division of the Voronezh Front Staff with the text of an intercepted message from the Alpine Corps of the Italian Army. Labels “Very urgent”, “Confidential.” 03.09.1943
In 1931, it was adopted for service in the Red Army under the designation “7.62-mm Tokarev pistol model 1930” (TT stands for Tula, Tokarev).
When putting the pistol into production in 1933, design changes were made to simplify manufacturing. The upgraded TT pistol was adopted for service in 1933.
By accepting the pistol, the Red Army for the first time received a state-of-the-art powerful and reliable personal hand weapon. Tokarev pistols were widely spread across the frontline and were in service in virtually all of the Soviet combat arms.
In 1933–1945, Soviet manufacturers built more than 1.6 million 1933 TT pistols for the Red Army.
A 7.62-mm 1895 Nagant revolver, USSR.
The 7.62-mm 1895 Nagant revolver was one of the most widespread hand arms in the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War — that weapon proved itself during decades of reliable service. Created by the Belgian weapon designer Léon Nagant back in the late 1880s, it had excellent combat and operational characteristics, as well as high reliability.
Up until 1917, Tula Arms Plant had produced the Nagant revolver in both single-action and double-action models, for soldiers and officers, respectively. Only the double-action version was adopted for service in the Red Army. The revolver was modernized in 1930, and its sighting system was modified, while the manufacturing method was simplified.
During the Great Patriotic War, Nagant revolvers were mostly used by officers and non-commissioned officers, mainly in infantry and artillery.
In 1932–1945, the Red Army received over 1.07 million 1895 Nagant revolvers from Soviet manufacturing enterprises.
A 7.62-mm Degtyaryov machine gun (DP), USSR. The 7.62-mm Degtyaryov DP (Degtyaryov's infantry) machine gun, created in 1927, was the chief automatic fire support weapon in the Red Army’s infantry platoon. Its main advantage was its simple design, benefitting from the original construction of the breech block and firing mechanism. The gas chamber adjuster enabled the user to alter the amount of combustion gases for the mobile automatic system, which was an important factor for using the weapon in adverse conditions, allowing it to withstand dirt, dust, and extreme temperatures.
In 1943-1944, the design of the Degtyaryov machine gun was substantially improved, and the modernized version entered service in the Red Army’s infantry units under the designation of DMP. Owing to its simplicity, reliability, high firing accuracy and maneuverability, DMPs passed the harsh tests of the Great Patriotic War with flying colors.
Soviet weapon makers produced a bit more than 700,000 DP/DMP machine guns for the army during the four years of the war.
A 7.62-mm PPSh-41, USSR.
The deployment of new mechanized and tank units in the Red Army in 1940, all of which were designed to be armed with ample quantities of submachine guns became a reason for serious concern at the People's Commissariat of Defense, because the domestic manufacturing complex was unable to produce the required number of weapons in a very short time.
In December 1940, the Red Army adopted for service the simple and cheap submachine gun designed by G. S. Shpagin of Kovrovo, who used what was back then the most advanced technology of pressed and welded structures.
The exceptionally simple design of the PPSh enabled many USSR factories — including those that had never produced weapons — to start manufacturing the submachine gun during the first few months of the war. In the course of the war, the design of the gun was modified based upon battle and manufacturing experience.
Due to its high combat characteristics, the PPSh-41 successfully withstood the severe tests of the Great Patriotic War and won acclaim as one of the most popular Soviet small arms.
During the four years of the war, the Soviet defense industry supplied to the army 5.4 million PPSh-41 guns.
Nazism, the fundamental theory adopted by Fascist Germany as its state ideology, deprived many children of their right to life just because of their background. They were eliminated in the territories occupied by Nazi Germany together with adults in extermination camps, used as guinea pigs for medical experiments, and forced to work to death.
Children’s fates during the Second World War became one of the most serious accusations against the aggressors, one of the main lessons that mankind had to learn. The mission of the exhibition is to remember young victims of the war and make sure that the tragedy will never happen again. War cannot be buried in oblivion.
The exhibition Children and War is a collection of facts and evidence based upon documents borrowed from museums and private collections in Russia, Belarus, Germany, the Czech Republic, and China. The display centers on the tragedy of the child in wartime, whatever the nation and side in the conflict. Many of the materials are displayed for the first time.
Visitors to the museum who are genuinely interested in the history of the Great Patriotic War will see many unique exhibits and discover new insights not only about the war of 1941–1945, but also about the descendants of the victorious generation, who fulfilled their international duty abroad, including in Afghanistan.