Less than three months after President Harry S. Truman took office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, he traveled to Potsdam, Germany to meet with other Allied leaders.
The Conference issued the Potsdam Declaration on July 26. The Declaration set forth the Allied surrender terms for Japan and the alternative of "prompt and utter destruction" if they did not surrender. Truman edited this draft, which he sent to General Chiang Kai-shek through the United States Ambassador to China.
After the discovery and liberation of the concentration camps, the calls for a Jewish homeland in Palestine increased. The British controlled Palestine and strictly limited immigration into the region. In this memo to Churchill, Truman urges swift consideration of the problems so they can move toward resolution.
German occupation of Europe during the war and Allied efforts to defeat Germany left a trail of devastation across Europe. In addition of food supplies, coal for home and industrial use remained scarce. Truman saw this need and wrote this memo to Stalin to try and work out a joint Allied plan to provide coal for both Germany and the rest of Europe.
The specter of the atomic bomb hung over the delegations at the Conference, particularly the United States. After the successful test in New Mexico, and the rapid developments in the Far East, Truman's Secretary of War sent him this memo regarding the release of the press release about the bomb. Truman's handwritten draft reply is on the back.
Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum