HERITAGE OF BOGD KHAAN

The Bogd Khaan Palace Museum

An Introduction to the Re-establishment of the Bogd Khaan Palace as a Museum

PEACE AND HAPPINESS GATE
Ceremonal and memorial gate.This gate was constructed between 1912 and 1919 in commemoration of the Eighth Bogd’s coronation as absolute monarch, following the victory of the Mongolian struggle for independence from the Manchu empire at the end of 1911. It was designed and constructed by renowned architects, builders, blacksmiths and artists from across Mongolia, and built with funds collected from the public, equivalent to 280 thousand lan, or 175 kg of silver, one lan being equivalent to approximately 37 grams. The gate has the unique characteristic of being constructed without a single nail, using instead 108 different forms of interlocking joints. Made up of eight supporting posts and a seven-tiered canopy, the gate is richly decorated with carved and painted symbols and images representing various aspects of Buddhist symbolism: paintings showing scenes from common Buddhist legends and from the epics of Geser and Tansan; the four ‘Maharaja’, or protective deities; the four harmonious and four powerful creatures; the six animals which symbolise long life; the seven ‘state jewels’; the eight auspicious sumbols; and so on. The decorations on the Peace Gate are characteristic of Mongolian art in the period of the Bogd Khaan.

The Eighth Bogd Jetsun Dampa Agvaan Luvsan

(Ngag Wang Losang 1869-1924)

The Eight Bogd Jetsun Dampa was the supreme head of Mongolian Buddhism, and then, he was enthroned as Theocratic King of Mongolia at the independence of it from Qing Dynasty in 1911. This was how he became the last King of Mongolia, who was a theocrat on accordance with a long running tradition rooted in ancient India and aspiring for glorification of national culture and spirituality, until he passed away in 1924.

Tara Queen Dondogdulam /1874-1923/

Tara Queen Dondogdulam was born on 15th of October, 1874 in present Khenty province. She was chosen as a Tantric consort for the Eighth Jetsun Dampa in 1902. She played a significant role in encouraging upper class Mongolians to strike against Qing Dynasty. She was enthroned as Mother Tara Queen of Mongolia in 1911.

SHIELD WALL

The Shield Wall, or 'protective wall', was built at major temples which had been sanctioned by the Manchu emperor. This wall, located in front of the Sharavpeljeelin temple, is made of blue bricks and decorated with relief patterns. The top part, showing a pair of winding dragons, is decorated with powerful figures of mountains, water, and animals. The Shield Wall symbolically protects against attack by enemies, plunderers, or disease.

Wisdom Glorifying Temple

Wisdom Glorifying Temple was built in 1893-1903 by Mongol artists for the sake of fulfilling cool conditions for the Eight Jetsun Dampa during the summer season. Then European styled two story-white building was built in 1903-1905. This served as a winter residency for the Eight Jetsun Dampa throughout 20 years. It was then called as ‘’King’s Palace’’ together with other three complexes at different locations after he was enthroned as the King.

LABRANG TEMPLE

LIBRARY TEMPLE

VARIOUS DEITIES TEMPLE

CONFIDENCE INLEARNING TEMPLE

TEMPLE OF THANGKA PAINTINGS

TEMPLE OF SILK EMROIDERIES

MAHARAJA TEMPLE

Winter palace

Many interesting items from Bogd Khan’s Mongolia are on display in this house today. There are royal clothing, ornaments and other items used by King and Queen, souvenir items from foreign guests and ambassadors, collection of stuffed animals, and leopard skin ger, and so on.

LEOPARD SKIN GER

Sangilagdorj from Setsen Khan province presented this ger to the 8th Bogd Jetsun Dampa in 1893 on the occasion of his 25th birthday. In total the skins of 150 leopards were used in making the outer cover for this ger. The door, roof, frame, and roof poles are decorated with Mongolian traditional patterns. This ger was set up out of doors in times of clear weather.

Winter Palace

Many interesting items from Bogd Khan’s Mongolia are on display in this house today. There are royal clothing, ornaments and other items used by King and Queen, souvenir items from foreign guests and ambassadors, collection of stuffed animals, and leopard skin ger, and so on.

Re-established as a Museum

The Central Committee of People’s Party and Government of Mongolian People’s Republic had set a Commission for Establishing State Museum in 1926 and enforced a decree about establishing Museum at the site of former King’s palace on the 1st of April in the same year. Thus, numbers of holy objects, in 1925, were displayed for the sake community. In Summer Temples of our museum, there are a numerous master pieces of Mongolian historical, cultural and Buddhist art works from the 17th to earlier 20th centuries. For examples, statues by the First Jetsun Dampa Zanabazar and his disciples, Tanghka paintings, Papier-mache and Silk embroideries of various Buddhas and deities by best Mongol artists. In winter residency, there are many interesting displays like royal clothes and equipments of themselves. Moreover, there are huge pots, which were made in different periods of time, for cooking monk community meals displayed in outside ground of the museum premises. Bogd Khan Palace Musuem is a specially protected complex by the State for its unparalleled Mongolian historical and cultural valies.

CHARIOT

During the Naadam Festival, these were used for King and Queen's caravan.

Museum services

Besides of its daily services, the museum always organizes specific displays in accordance with pursuits of people at particular times. Moreover, the museum has recently revived Bogd Khan Palace tradition to draw White Tara Painting for the sake of long life within one day on every 8th day of New Year time in accordance with Lunar Calendar. People regard this painting of White Tara has an immeasurable power and blessings. It is also attraction of many visitors when the museum organizes Mongolian Heroic Epic Singing event in a traditional Mongolian environment.

Buddha Shakyamuni

The school of Zanabazar

18th century
Gold, brass
Height: 33.5 cm
This Buddha is depicted in a state of serene meditation, has downcast eyes and arched eyebrows, long pendulous earlobes with no earrings, thin lips, blue hair and usnisa, a protuberance on his skull, a straight nose and fine shaped body and an Urna sign on the forehead, smiling faintly, having draped his monastic Dharma robe over his left shoulder in an 'open mode',

Seal of Donkhor khutagt

A seal with a Soyombo script in the middle and an inscription in Mongolian that reads “The seal of Samadhi Master, Donkhorkhutugtu, Benevolent Dharma Khan to reign the Disciple Province”.
It has a head in the shape of three jewels and a blue khatag, sacred scarf, attached to the handle. This seal was owned by Jalkhanz Khutagt Damdinbazar, Samadhi Master and Donkhorkhutugtu, one of the 13 Khutagts with Seal of Mongolia reigned by BogdKhaan elevated by his folks.
The Samadhi master, Duinkhorkhutugtu, Benevolent Dharma Khan to reign the Disciple Province was the Manjushri Khutagt.

Credits: Story

Art Researcher - GUNCHIN-ISH, Tsegmed
Art Researcher - SARANBOLOR, Gan-Ochir
MA in Philosophy & translator - KHATANBAATAR, Choi

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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