Unique Objects from The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum celebrating the Naadam Festival

Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, the High Saint and First Bogd Jebtsundanba, is a great personality of state, society, religion, arts and culture of Mongolia.

During the Naadam Festival, it is customary to give offerings to the Bogd reincarnation--a tradition celebrated from generation to generation.

His genius was remarked by the folk as he spoke the Jambal tsanjod (Ode to Buddha) by heart at the age of three. He also read sacred books and doctrines in Sanskrit and Tibetan. Setsen Khan (Wise King) Sholoi met his parents, exalted his own title of Gegeen (Saint) to Zanabazar and sent an envoy to Panchen Lama, informing about Zanabazar and asking for an opportunity to become the disciple of Panchen Lama.

The fifth Dalai Lama Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, Panchen Lama Lobsang Choegyi Gyaltsen of Tibet and Naichun choijun identified Zanabazar as the reincarnation of the scholar Taranatha of the Jonang school of Tibetan Buddhism. He was exalted at the age of five as the First Saint Bogd Jebtsundanba of Mongolian Buddhism in Shireet Tsagaan Nuur (Throne White Lake) at the southern slope of Ikh (Great) Mongol Mountain.

At his exaltation of Mongolian Gelugpa Buddhism, his father Tusheet Khan Gombodorj offered 108 disciple monks as attendants to him and his three brothers each 30 families, which later became a tradition of Mongolian aristocrats and noblemen to offer attendant families from their own servants. The number of attendants to reincarnations of Bogd Jebtsundanba increased which later rooted the name of ‘Myriad Disciples’.

This painting is the most interesting artwork from among the paintings depicting Zanabazar and was created in woodblock printing technique in early 20th century.

"The Wrestlers of Ten Monarchies"

Damdinsuren, The Arts Meritorious Fellow of Mongolia painted the ‘Wrestlers of Ten Provinces’, an artwork that exhibits the Ikh Khuree of the early 20th century, Mongolian traditional wrestling, rituals and customs and way of life of Mongol people, in 1965.

The painting depicts landscape, where there are green and bluish mountains covered with forest in the far distance on the horizon, steppe and valley with flowing rivers and streams.

Danshig Naadam

Identified as the Khalkhyn Gegeenten (Holy Saint) at the Danshig Festival of Shireet Tsagaan Nuur in 1641, Zanabazar undertook religious studies in Tibet as a young child, and received the title of First Khalkh Incarnation of the Bogd Jetsundamba.


The painting reflects Mongols in the festival, including their folk rituals, customs, nomadic life and culture.

Credits: Story

The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum

Credits- Exhibit :

Tsolmon Ganzorig.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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