1878-1880 After the defeat of the Ngqika, Ndlambe and
Gcaleka in 1878, the sons of the chiefs Maqoma, Mhala and Sandile were
imprisoned on Robben Island. From 1880 onwards, these prisoners were
transferred to the Breakwater Prison where they were released in 1883.
Koranna leaders, including Thomas Pofadder, Jan Malgas,
Jacobus Afrikaaner, John Adams and Klaas Pofadder, were taken as prisoners to
Robben Island after the second Koranna War of 1877-1878. Some were transferred
to the Breakwater Prison in 1880. In 1883, Koranna leaders on the Island
refused an offer of conditional release. By 1890, all Koranna prisoners had
been released or removed from the Island, closing this phase in the prison
history of the Island.