Rich Resource of Madake (Phyllostachys bambusoides)
Oita prefecture has large groves madake bamboo, a supple variety suitable for bamboo crafts. Making good use of these madake resources, many places throughout Oita Prefecture produce everyday items such as sieves and baskets.
Sieves and Baskets for Toji Guests to Self-cater 
The Beppu Onsen in Oita prefecture has the largest hot spring emission in Japan. Starting in the Meiji Period, new railroads and the Seto Inland Sea route development boosted the number of guests visiting the hot springs. Initially most of the guests where long-term hot spring visitors who came for curatives. During their stay the guests used rice sieves and miso strainers produced on the side by farmers around Beppu and then took them back home.
Cultivation of Bamboo Craft as a Local Industry
As the development of Beppu Onsen progressed, the demand for bamboo crafts as souvenirs increased on a par, which led to improvements in quality. As a part of this, training of craftsmen began not only under the apprenticeship system of the private sector but also at educational institutions. The Industrial Apprenticeship School was founded in 1902, where they started to teach new techniques in making flower baskets and square shaped baskets by teachers invited from outside the prefecture.
The Various Beppu Bamboo Crafts
In response to the demand for tourist souvenirs, Beppu produces a wide variety of bamboo products ranging from kitchen utensils to stationery, flower baskets, furniture and toys. In the mid-Taisho period (1912-25), the craft began to receive awards at both domestic and international exhibitions and expositions.   
Beppu Bamboo Craft: a designated traditional craft  
With a history of over 100 years, Beppu bamboo ware was designated as a "Traditional Craft" (dentōteki kōgeihin) in 1979. The history of Beppu bamboo craft can be seen at the Beppu City Traditional Bamboo Crafts Center. Over time craftsmen, knowledge, and skills accumulated. The art of Beppu bamboo ware became a rich ground that gave birth to many quality artists, such as Shono Shounsai. Their bamboo works are in the collections of Oita Prefectural Art Museum and Oita Art Museum.
Shono Shounsai: the first person to be designated as a Living National Treasure in bamboo craft
Born in Beppu city, Shono Shounsai (1904 - 1974), began making Beppu bamboo basketry in 1923. By experimenting in formative expressions and maximizing the unique beauty of the material, heexpanded the possibilities of bamboo crafts taking the art to new levels. Then, in 1967 Shono was designated as the first Important Intangible Cultural Asset holder (Living National Treasure) for bamboo crafts.
Wide range of works
Since the later half of 1970s, bamboo artists have emerged. They started to create more artistic works as well as traditional bamboo wares for everyday use. 
Fostering craftsmen making bamboo products
Passing on the techniques has become an important issue for the Beppu bamboo crafts, as the industrial sector has shrunk significantly over the years. The training of successors is conducted mainly at the Oita Prefecture Bamboo Craft Training Center, which is the only public training institution for the craft in Japan, and trainees gather from the entire country.
Kyoto Women's University, Lifestyle Design Laboratory
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