U.S. Presidents and Inaugurations

Smithsonian Libraries

Images from the Smithsonian Libraries collections

U.S. Presidents and Inaugurations
This collection of images from Smithsonian Libraries celebrates U.S. Presidents while providing a glimpse of the presidencies and inaugurations of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. Smithsonian Libraries is a network of 21 specialized libraries that support the Smithsonian Institutions' museums and research centers. The libraries' expansive collections span the range of scientific and cultural pursuits of humanity.
George Washington
Before becoming the first President of the United States, George Washington was Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and also presided over the Continental Convention. Washington served as President from 1789-1797.

Depiction of George Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

The surrender of Cornwallis in 1781 ended the last major military campaign of the American Revolution.

George Washington's presidential reception in New York in 1789 after his presidential election.

U.S. Presidents after George Washington
This collection of portraits of U.S. Presidents is from the official souvenir program in honor of the centennial celebration of George Washington's inauguration. 

John Adams was the second president of the United States from 1797-1801.

Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States from 1801-1809.

James Madison was fourth President of the United States from 1809-1817.

James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States from 1817-1825.

John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States 1825-1829.

Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States from 1829-1837.

Martin Van Buren was the eight President of the United States from 1837-1841.

William Henry Harrison was the ninth President of the United States in 1841 and died in office the same year.

John Tyler was the tenth President of the United States from 1841-1845.

James K. Polk
James K. Polk was the 11th President of the United States from 1845-1849. This section is a brief aside that includes a depiction of James K. Polk's inaugural procession.

Fun fact: The polka dot was named after the polka dance craze of the 19th century and became popular as a signature fashion pattern in the United States during the election campaign of James K. Polk.

The Smithsonian Institution was founded on August 10, 1846 with an Act of Congress signed by President James K. Polk.

Continuation of Presidential Portraits
This section is a continuation of U.S. Presidential portraits from the souvenir program for the centennial celebration of George Washington's inauguration. 

Zachary Taylor was the twelfth President of the United States from 1849-1850; he died in office.

Millard Fillmore was the thirteenth President of the United States from 1850-1853.

Franklin Pierce was the fourteenth President of the United States from 1852-1857.

James Buchanan was the fifteenth President of the United States from 1857-1861.

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of United States from 1861-1865. This section includes images from Lincoln's early life and presidency during the Civil War, 1861-1865.

Abraham Lincoln, as a boy, reading in a cabin.

The "Wide-a-wake" procession was part of a movement to help secure Abraham Lincoln the Republican nomination.

Abraham Lincoln arrives in Washington D.C. after his whistle-stop trip from Springfield, Illinois in 1861. The trip took place before Lincoln's inauguration in March of 1861.

Abraham Lincoln before his first inauguration in 1861, with President Buchanan.

Inaugural procession of Abraham Lincoln.

The U.S. Capitol Building was still under construction at the time of Lincoln's first inauguration.

While The U.S. Capitol Building was still under construction until 1868, the dome was in more of a completed state for Lincoln's second inauguration in 1865.

Abraham Lincoln's public reception at the the White House in celebration of his second inauguration as U.S. President in 1865.

Notice for the Ball in celebration of Lincoln's second inauguration in 1865.

Photograph of President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War.

Continuation of U.S. Presidential Portraits
This section continues and finishes the presidential portraits from the official souvenir program from the centennial celebration of George Washington's inauguration. 

Andrew Johnson was the seventeenth President of the United States from 1865-1869.

Ulysses S. Grant was the eighteenth President of the United States from 1869-1877.

Rutherford B. Hayes was the nineteenth President of the United States from 1877-1881.

James A. Garfield was the twentieth President of the United States in 1881 and was assassinated in office that same year.

Chester A. Arthur was the twenty-first President of the United States from 1881-1885.

Grover Cleveland was the twenty-second President of the United States from 1885-1889.

Benjamin Harrison was the twenty-third President of the United States from 1889-1893.

Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth President of the United States from 1901-1909. This section contains views of the White House from the time of Roosevelt's presidency. 
Centennial Celebrations of Lincoln's Inaugurations
This section contains photographs celebrating the centennial inaugurations of Abraham Lincoln during the presidencies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

John F. Kennedy was the thirty-fith President of the United States from 1961-1963.

Lyndon B. Johnson was the thirty-sixth President of the United States from 1963-1969.

Concluding Remarks
The Smithsonian Libraries' U.S. Presidents and Inaugurations online exhibition highlights selections from the libraries' collection. The images used in the exhibition are in the public domain or not in copyright. The extent of the exhibition was limited due to availability of materials and restrictions due to copyright.
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Smithsonian Libraries
Washington, D.C.

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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