The Origins of Football in Brazil
With the ball arrived the football.
Of British origin , this sport quickly spread all over the world, from harbor to harbor, from railroad to railroad, from school to school. In Brazil, it was introduced and appropriated by different social layers, from the rich students to urban factory workers from São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
But not without being touched by the social abyss of the time.
Do you want to know how were the lines and marks in a football field, since the definition of its rules in England in 1863, until 1902?
In the first decade of 20th century, the organization of football championships rehearsed its first steps.
In 1902, the first São Paulo Championship - the first official championship in Brazil - was played by five clubs, all from the capital: Associação Athletica Mackenzie College, Sport Club Germânia, Club Athletico Paulistano, o Sport Club Internacional and São Paulo Athletic Club, who won the first trophy.
A similar proccess had occured in Rio de Janeiro, where Fluminense Football Club was founded in 1902.
Afterwards, in 1904, there were created Botafogo Football Club (now Botafogo de Futebol and Regatas), Bangu Athletic Club and América Football Club. The first Rio de Janeiro's championship, won by Fluminense, occured in 1906.
In the 1920s, football became popular and conquer the masses
In 1919, Brasil host and wins the 3rd South-American Championship.
The Fluminense's Laranjeiras Stadium, is built to host twenty thousand spectators of this international scale event.
It is the first time that a Football National Team is organized, and the first time that we cheer for the Brazilian nation.
With the proliferation of clubs and the popularization of championships, it became harder to maintain the excludent amateurship.
Players coming from the lower social layers saw in the football a possibility to earn an extra money and started to receive money to play for the clubs.
The outskirt clubs, in Rio de Janeiro, such as Vasco da Gama, pressed for the end of the amateur policy of the football federation... But the elite clubs had resisted as much as they could against the new times.
The love of football as a passionate contest withdraw the focus of its transformative role. But the fact is that football has been an effective (and affective) between the elite that brought it in the biggest colonial empire of the planet, the very civilized England, and the people of Brazil, which, during the late 19th century, was made of ex-slaves. To join white and black people, a lordly elite and a humble people, was its first lesson. The football had shown that performance is more important than family name and skin color. Is was the first instrument of a truly universal and modern communication tool between all sectors of Brazilian society. It has being teaching to assemble and disassemble Brazil by means of multiple choices and citizenships.
- Roberto DaMatta, anthropologist.
This exhibition is based on the Origins Room of the Main Exhibition of the Football Museum.
The videos are part ot the Origins video, produced by Preto e Branco stidium, directed by Luiz de Franco Neto, edition by Orlando Malacarne Neto, narration by Milton Gonçalves, soundtrack by Naná Vasconcelos and text by Leonel Kaz.
Exhibition O Jogo e o Povo
Original version - 2013
Curatorship | Content Team from Football Museum
Coordination | Pedro Sant'Anna
Texts | Daniela Alfonsi, Lucas Donato e Felipe Santos
Layout | Pedro Sant'Anna e Lucas Donato
Video and Image edition | Bruna Gottardo e Hugo Takeyama
Reviewed version - 2018
Coordenation | Camila Aderaldo
Adaptation, google edition and translation | Ana Letícia de Fiori