It began with a combat between the dignataries, clad in regalia of authority and power. The backdrop is Vilcanota, specifically the place called La Raya, the highest point between the Altiplano (the Andean Higlands) and the valley of Cuzco. It is the birthplace of Vilcanota river and the source of lake Titicaca.
Sayri Tupac (on the left) was recognised as Inca by the Spaniards. He thus acquired economic privileges and property rights in Cuzco. He died by poisoning in 1561. Tupac Amaru (on the middle) was Sayri Tupac’s brother. He led the last bastion of Inca resistance, in Vilcabamba. Martin of Loyola captured him and executed him in Cusco. Cusi Huarcay (on the right) was Sayri Tupac’s wife. She is portrayed holding a little bird called q’ente or causarca.
Martín de Loyola (on the left) was Saint Ignatius of Loyola's nephew. He led the military expedition which quashed the Inca resistance in Vilcabamba. As a reward he was given Ñusta Beatriz’s hand in marriage. They had a daughter called Ana Maria Lorenza of Loyola Coya. Beatriz Ñusta (in the middle) was a daughter of Sayri Tupac and Cusi Huarcay. Viceroy Toledo gives her to Martin of Loyola in marriage. Saint Ignatius of Loyola (on the right) was an uncle of Martin of Loyola and founder of the Society of Jesus.
Francisco de Borja (on the left) was one of the founder saints of the Society of Jesus. Grandfather of Juan Enriquez of Borja (Ana Maria of Loyola’s husband) and of Francis of Borja, also called Prince of Esquilache, viceroy of Peru between 1614 and 1621. Juan E. of Borja (on the middle) was a grandson of Francis of Borja, founder saint of the Society of Jesus. He takes Ana Maria Lorenza of Loyola as his wife. They travelled together to Peru, probably in the retinue of his cousin Francis of Borja (Prince of Esquilache), recently named viceroy of Peru, in order to lay legal claim to the rights of property in Cuzco of Ana Maria Lorenza, heir to Sayri Tupac. Ana Maria Lorenza of Loyola (on the right) was a daughter of Martin of Loyola and Ñusta Beatriz Clara Coya.
The scheme depicting the busts of the Incas in a single canvas, and arranging them in chronological order, like we can see here, comes from an engraving made between 1724 and 1728 by the Oratorian priest Fr. Alonso de la Cueva, who also made portraits of the Spanish kings, as direct successors of the Cuzco kings in the government of these territories.
Museo Pedro de Osma