2016

The return of Fauna in a planted forest

Instituto Terra

Stage to an important process of recovery of the Atlantic Forest biodiversity at Rio Doce Valley, southeastern Brazil, the area reforested by Instituto Terra at Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm is today a safe haven for Brazilian fauna species, some of which threaten of extinction. Founded in 1998 by Lélia Deluiz Wanick Salgado and Sebastião Salgado, the Instituto Terra demonstrates with its experience that it is possible for the human to reconstruct much of what it has destroyed and help reestablish the right environmental balance in our planet. Following you will be able to see some samples of rich Atlantic Forest fauna diversity that today is present at this Conservation Unit – an area that in less than two decades ago was taken over by cattle pasture and erosion.

Threatened and fragmented, the Atlantic Forest still plays an essential role in the Brazilian biodiversity. The fauna samples of this biome identified at Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm are important indicators of successful reforesting actions promoted by Instituto Terra in the region. Monitoring proves that living in the new forest are from small invertebrates, such as ants, beetles and butterflies, to even a small family of ocelots (Leopardus pardalis). It is the food chain cycle that has been reestablished helping to complete the biodiversity recovery process in a reforested area.

The bird enchantment
For those who today walk through the trails of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm and hear the beautiful symphony of birds chirping, it becomes difficult to imagine the kind of degradation that took place in that area in the end of the 80's. Having the green be reestablished in the areas that once were eroded, animals soon started making their way back. The first monitoring of the fauna was finalized in 2006 – seven years after the start of reforestation – and identified that there already lived 172 bird species, belonging to 49 families and 19 orders.

Among the total number of birds identified in the reforested area of Instituto Terra, six of them are considered to be in vulnerable situation or in danger of extinction.

Some samples of this pure tropical beauty, such as Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha), the Vinaceous Parrot (Amazona vinacea), the Robust Woodpecker (Campephilus robustus), the Bare-throated Bellbird (Procnias nudicollis), the Blue-winged Macaw (Propyrrhura maracana) and the Saffron Finch (Sicalis flaveola).

Listen to the song of Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha)
Som do Maracanã (Propryrrhura maracana)

Maracanã (Primolius maracana) recorded in RPPN Fazenda Bulcão.

Seen as good biological indicators of environmental degradation, the birds are examples for the fauna that play this essential ecological role of forest habitats, helping for example with predation, pollination and seed dispersion.

In order to be easier detected, is considered by many researchers a faster and effective way to promote environmental diagnosis or support the monitoring in biological relevant areas as in areas in the recovery process.

The sound of Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)
The sound of Campo Flicker (Colaptes campestris)
The sound of Black-capped Donacobius (Donacobius atricapillus)
The sound of Sayaca Tanager (Thraupis sayaca)
The sound of Squirrel Cucckoo (Piaya cayana)

Jacupemba (Penelope superciliaris) recorded in RPPN Fazenda Bulcão.

Named “night queens”, for having characteristics such as an acute pitch black night vision, owls are found in several biomes of Brazil. In the areas of Atlantic Forest endemic species occur such as the Tawny-browed Owl, having already been registered at Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm.

The sound of Tawny-brower Owl (Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana)
The sound of Tropical Screech-Owl (Otus choliba)
The sound of Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) in the RPPN Bulcão Farm.

Once the landscaping project was made here by Lelia Deluiz Wanick Salgado, architect and co-founder of Instituto Terra, these forests which are in full bloom all year round in the central area of the PRNP Bulcão Farm are today a point of attraction for delicate species such as hummingbirds, who have a key role in the pollination processes.

The sound of Glittering-bellied Emerald (Chlorostilbon aureoventris)

Predators, rapine birds also act by the estabilization of the ecosystem, favoring the maintenance of diversity rates.

The sound of White-tailed Hawk (Buteo albicaudatus)
The sound of Roadside Hawk (Rupomis magnirostris)

The recovery actions promoted by Instituto Terra go beyond planting trees. It involves the protection against fire and also hunters, as well as environmental education, showing the community around the importance of conservation and recovery of flora and fauna in the region.

The sound of Red-legged Seriema (Cariama cristata)
The presence of mammals
As the forest is in steady growth at the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm, headquarters of Instituto Terra, it is now meeting the needs of feeding as serving the area for reproducing the fauna samples from the Atlantic Forest biome that suffer with the loss of its natural habitat. A family of ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) have been seen in the area, alng with other 32 mammals species. An important indicator that the food chain is consistent, allowing this cat, at the top of the chain – that has already been identified with a vulnerable status is Brazil – to reestablish itself in the environment.

Jaguatirica (Leopardus pardalis) captured on the area of RPPN Fazenda Bulcão.

Ever since the first plantations of tree seedlings that took place in 1999, the reforesting of Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm involves every year the greatest diversity of planted species. The trees already grown today ate examples of areas where you may find fauna such as the Southern tamandua.

The Instituto Terra is located in eastern State of Minas Gerais, a privileged Brazilian state for having areas covered by Atlantic Forest biomes, Savanna and scrub-land. All this heterogeneity in ecosystems also manifests in the existence of a wide variety of animals.

In total, 15 species of amphibians and other 16 of reptiles also have been seen and identifies in the reforested area of Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Bulcão Farm, a conservation unit that every year becomes more attractive to receive new and legitimate residents of the Atlantic Forest.

Instituto Terra
Credits: Story

Visit www.institutoterra.org to know how it is possible to contribute with the projects under development by Instituto Terra.

Exhibition - "The return of Fauna in a planted forest"

Editing and Text by Maria Helena Fabriz
Translated to English by Zclass Business English Services - Zach Cheibub
Audio by Faunativa for Instituto Terra
Video by Leonardo Merçon for Instituto Terra
Photos - Credits in the media
Environmental Consultancy - Jaeder Lopes Vieira (Forestry Engineer) and Elisangela Ferreira da Silva (Biologist)

The Instituto Terra is a community non-profit non-governmental organization that operates in the whole territory of the Valley of the River Doce between the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, Brazil. The Institute has defined its objectives as restoration of the ecosystem, production of Atlantic Forest seedlings, environmental outreach programs, environmental education and applied scientific research. The Instituto Terra manages the 1,754-acre Bulcão Farm, 1,502 acres of which have been declared a Private Natural Heritage Reserve.

Contacts:
Instituto Terra - RPPN Bulcão Farm
Aimorés / MG / Brazil
Zip code: 35200-000

Phone: +55 33 3267 2025
iterra@institutoterra.org

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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