The Pit of Bones the most emblematic fossil remains of Atapuerca (Burgos)
Why is Miguelón so important?
Skull 5, colloquially known as Miguelón, is the most complete human skull in the whole fossil record. It was found at the site of the Sima de los Huesos (Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) along with nearly 7,000 other human remains of the Homo heidelbergensis. We can obtain a lot of information about those considered the ancestors of Neanderthals and about how they lived thanks to the largest accumulation of fossil human remains in the world today. The oldest known DNA was obtained from human fossils from the Sima de los Huesos.
This sculpture, created by Sonia Cabello, shows a bear specimen upright on its hind legs, with high plastic strength.
For hundreds of years, more than two hundred bears fell into the Sima de los Huesos. Thus, the abundance of fossils of all skeletal parts has allowed to know and establish the distinctive features of the Ursus deningeri species.