A project to give visibility about how the state and civil society act concerning the massacres in the prison institutions.

The project
The Carandiru Massacre Memory Project aims to rescue and digitally gather documents and materials about the episode what became known as the Carandiru Massacre. Despite having wide repercussions in the national and international public sphere, the memory of this episode is at risk. The location of such a violation of human rights has been demolished and yet there is no official initiative to preserve its memory and question the facts.
What was the Carandiru Massacre?
On October 2, 1992, 111 people were killed and one hundred were wounded in the House of Detention by a military police operation aimed contain a supposed rebellion.

In 2014, the "Study Group on the Crime and Sanction" in Getulio Vargas ended a long search rescue of administrative, judicial (civil and criminal) and international processes about the Carandiru Massacre. In partnership with ANDHEP, the project Carandiru´s Memory Massacre emerged, with the objective of providing a digital platform documentation collected during the research project and gather photos, videos and documents of all kinds about what happened on October 2 in 1992.

Here we present some importants documents raised by the investigation.

A Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry installed in the Assembly a day after the event collected testimonies and documents in order to clarify the facts of the 02 of October. From the steps of the deputies that PCI, the debates that took place in the Assembly revealed positions as of support or the rejection of police action, tension that could be observed since then also in civil society.

The report produced by the National Council on Criminal and Penitentiary Policy of the Ministry of Justice 1992, describes, in this section, how the bodies over the halls and floors were being found.

According to the report, prisoners were forced to pile the bodies of dead inmates .

In terms of criminal cases, the prosecution of police officers involved took place in 2013 and 2014, divided into 5 different jury trials. After this delay of more than 21 years, police officers were sentenced to over 150 years in prison. "(...) The penalty imposed on the accused shall be served in closed original rules".

During the trial sessions, the official versions was requestioned. In the testimonies of survivors, it was stated that the death toll was much higher than 111. The former inmate Antonio Carlos Dias reported that he saw bodies being transported in trucks and that the death toll was twice that reported.

One of the biggest challenges of the project was to have access to documents of the Military Police. The institution repeatedly denied requests for access to information made by the research team, but thanks to the Access to Information Act, was confirmed that none of the police officers involved in the operation was investigated internally or liable for Internal Affairs of the Military Police.

The autopsy reports of the 111 victims clearly indicated that the military police fired in order to incapacitate and kill, and not to contain a rebellion. The vast majority of injuries with firearm hit the chest and the head. Many injury victims were already surrendered, kneeling or lying down.

The site report recounts the damage found in pavilions: shots brands of police and bloodstains on the walls. According to the report, in several cases the prisoners were trapped and killed inside their cells.
In their testimonies, the police claimed that responded to shots of detainees. The hypothesis that there were firearms inside the prison is strongly questioned by the Prosecutor.

Part of the families of the survivors sought compensation for moral and material damages in civil liability cases. According to a survey of the "Study Group on the Crime and the Sanction" in FGV, much of the compensation was granted for more than a decade after the Justice Massacre. Families still waited for yet another decade to have a decision supporting the indemnification. They waited in a queue common to all state creditors (the famous "line of writ"). It was not possible to determine how many families actually received the amounts of compensation. Sometimes the judgments sought to justify the police action as necessary to contain the "rebellion of the prisoners." In most cases, the values set in the first instance were reduced on appeal, because they were "bandit" or "stuck".

In 2012, in an article published by Estadão, experts tried to reconstruct the narrative of the massacre 20 years later. The media played an important role in the dissemination of documents and criticism of the prison system. Bruno Paes Manso interview the journalist Marcelo Godoy to say that what he saw on October 2, 1992.

Internationally Brazil received severe criticism from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for failing to take appropriate legal steps to clarify the facts, to identify the authorities responsible and compensate the families of the dead. In addition to the "massacre" terms, the Commission refers to "widespread extermination" and "indiscriminate slaughter" to describe how the victims were executed. The report was published in 2000 and since today these recommendations have not been responded. The report further recommends that Brazil take steps to bottlenecking of the prison system, preventing the outbreaks of violence and to invest in peaceful solutions to conflicts As we know, the situation of the Brazilian prison system deteriorated significantly since this report. The rate of incarceration (imprisonment of number per 100 thousand inhabitants) grew 317.9% from 1992-2013 and there is a deficit of at least 231 thousand prison vacancies.

The narratives
In addition to official documents, the Carandiru Massacre Memory is composed of photographic records, home videos, reports, documentaries, art, music and movies. These materials were produced by those who were there, or those sensitized to the story of the massacre.

Every 02 of October, civil society comes together to remember the marks of Massacre and the omission of the State in the clarification of the participation of civil authorities. This is also a day dedicated to the memory of other episodes of police violence.

Music inspired in Carandiru Massacre by Racionais band group "Diary of a Prisoner"

Diário de um Detento - Racionais MCs

The documentary "Between Light and Shadow" investigates the violence and human nature from the story of characters who have crossed their destinations in the Carandiru complex.
The film features the steps of the duo rappers 509-E, an actress called Sophie and a judge who believes in a more dignified way of rehabilitation for citizens in custody.
"Between Light and Shadow" won numerous awards.

The film "Carandiru" directed by Hector Babenco and based on the book written by the doctor of the House of Detention, Drauzio Varella, was one of the most successful film productions in Brazil. Varella recounts his experiences with the harsh reality of Brazilian prisons in an AIDS prevention work carried out in the House of Detention. Both the book and the movie end with the narrative of the massacre. This stretch of the film was projected on one of the trial sessions the Jury Court.

In 1993, artist Nuno Ramos we objected to the depersonalization of the "111" installation at the Art Biennial. The artist has placed 111 bricks on the floor with the name of each of the dead prisoners. In the picture, the detail of the wall where they were fixed excerpt from the book "Cujo" and boxes with various coatings containing ashes of biblical psalms.

In the artwork that Nuno Ramos presented in the 2012 Brazilian Biennale, called "THEIR DAY - 24 HOURS 111", the prisoners' names murdered on October 2, 1992 were continuous read for 24 uninterrupted hours.

On the walls, four expansions of images taken by satellite, from neighboring regions to São Paulo, at times close to the invasion.

Parque da Juventude
In September 2003, the Parque da Juventude changed the landscape in the North Zone, to replace the Carandiru House of Detention by a large green area.

The implosion of the pavilions that gave space to the Youth Park took place in 2002. The Brazilian society is still awaiting the creation of a "memory space" on the park.

After 22 years of the massacre, without the accountability of the authorities, without proper repair of families, with the remain of several prisons with appalling conditions and violent police we have, will the House of Detention over?

Credits: Story

The book "Carandiru is (not) a thing of the past": a balance on the processes, institutions and narratives 23 years after the massacre, with the research report and 20 texts of various authors, will be released on October 1, 2015 at the Law School of Getulio Vargas Foundation in São Paulo.

Exhibit in Google Cultural Institute: Ana Luiza Bandeira

Memory Carandiru Massacre Team
Guilherme de Almeida
Marta Machado
Maíra Machado
Ana Luiza Bandeira

Website: www.memoriamassacrecarandiru.org.br

Email: contato@massacrecarandiru.org.br

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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