Mannerism, a style tipified by iridescent, diaphanous colours and elongated figures in unnatural poses, arrived to America both through imported works and with the Italian artists who, since 1575, came to evangelize through art: Bernardo Bitti, Mateo Pérez de Alessio and Angelino Medoro. 

This painting is attributed to Bernardo Bitti. In the cloak and veil that cover Virgin Mary, we can observe the painter’s particular interest to highlight the textures and fine textile details.

Mary’s face is delicate, her fingers are long and barely seem to be placed against the child, holding him with much affection.

This iconography, originally known as the Virgin of Bethlehem in a clear allusion to the birthplace of Jesus, symbolizes the moment in which the Madonna gives her Son the precious nourishment of life.

Italian painters' disciples, including Fray Pedro Bedón and Luis de Riaño, spread the principles of late mannerism in painting and contributed to the establishment of certain devotional figures.

Biblical words are the origin the theme in which we see the archangel Gabriel holding a lily, symbol of purity, and bursting into Mary’s room, while she is reading.

The dove of the Holy Spirit appears in the light of Heaven breaking through the clouds.

The techniques used by these European masters, such as oil painting, were new to local artists.

Museo Pedro de Osma
Credits: Story

Museo Pedro de Osma

Credits: All media
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