Yamaga Lantern

Tachibana Museum

YAMAGA  PAPER  CRAFTS 

YAMAGA  LANTERN
Originating in the Yamaga region of Kumamoto, this delicate lantern is crafted entirely from paper. Styled after traditional metal lanterns, the paper lantern has been a specialty of the Yamaga region for 600 years. Although it appears heavy, it consists only of paper and glue, and is quite light and delicate. Larger versions are dedicated to local Shinto shrines, and woman wear lanterns like this one on their heads when they dance in the Yamaga Lantern Festival in mid-August.
Characteristics of Yamaga Lanterns
Yamaga Lanterns are a traditional product, which consist only of glue and Japanese paper (washi) made from local mulberries without wood or nails. They have taken various forms, from the famous "Kana-dourou" (the original gold lantern) down to the Miya-zukuri (shrine), the Shinden-zukuri (palace), the Zashiki-zukuri (home) and the Shiro-zukuri (castle). Everything is made by hand. From the pillar to the frame, every single piece of this item is made of Japanese paper (washi). All the parts are constructed with glue and washi in assembly-line fashion.

They are made wholly of Japanese paper and a small amount of glue. No wood or metal are used.

The inside part is kept empty to make it astonishingly light.

Yamaga Lantern are miniaturized versions of actual lanterns. The size is adjusted horizontally and vertically to enhance its sophistication.

Cut and divide them using a paper pattern.

Paste and construct each part.

Make six sides for the onion-shaped dome.
These papers are cut on an incline so they can be glued together more smoothly.

Each part is glued together with rice paste.
The giboshi part (an onion-shaped dome ornament found on old Japanese bridges) of the Yamaga lantern is complete.

Put each part together with glue.
This photo shows the bracken-shaped parts.

Moreover, the curved parts of the lantern have no tabs for the use of glue. The papers are held together only by folding. Their structural integrity entirely depends upon the skill of each craftsman.

The hexagon part.

Build the center part.

The bracken-shaped parts are meticulously hand crafted so that there are no uncomfortably noticeable imbalances.
Build the light-holding part of the lantern.

A Yamaga lantern (Kana-dourou), made by traditional methods.

KANE-TOUROU

KANE-TOUROU

The Thousand Lantern Dance   
Every year on the night of August 16, 1,000 women clad in kimonos of summer cotton, dance with these golden lanterns on their heads.

MIYA-DUKURI

MIYA-DUKURI

ZASHIKI DUKURI

ZASHIKI-DUKURI

ZASHIKI-DUKURI

TORIKAGO

YATSUBO

Lantern craftsman
To be a lantern craftsman, special skill and experience are required - a dozen years or more for those with the most expertise. Before they begin production of the lanterns for the August festival, the craftsmen are purified at a festival held at Omiya Shrine in April. Long ago, no women were admitted in the workshop, and products were never allowed to be taken out of the workshop. Furthermore,their know-how was kept confidential and was handed down only to a few appointed craftsmen. Nowadays, even female craftsmen join in the production process, and help maintain the tradition.
By: Tachibana Museum
Credits: Story

Kumamoto Prefectural Traditional Crafts Center


Curated by
SAKAMOTO Naofumi (Kumamoto Prefectural Traditional Crafts Center)
OHIRA Midori (Tachibana Foundation)

Source: provided by Yamaga City, Yamagatourou Shinkoukai, Yamaga Lantern Shop NAKASHIMA, Kyushu Research Institute for Cultural Properties Inc.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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