The best-known private garden of the late Qing dynasty
The boat hall was built in a boat shape because the owner once worked in the customs dealing with boat affairs almost every day. In this hall, ladies meet with the visitors. The waves made of erect tiles and cobblestones on the ground create an artistic conception that the boat is sailing on the ocean. Thanks to the casement windows in the walls, the beautiful scenery will come into your sight from each side of the hall. The couplet indicates that the owner wants to retire from the corrupt officialdom and live in solitude.
Moon Enjoying Building——
The tower of moon was built for the owner’s mother. The iron fences were imported from France which show the social status of the owner. The four characters mean longevity. Nv zhen planted on both sides stand for moral integrity. The pattern consisted of a phoenix and deer on the ground symbolizes the owner was dutiful son.
In the restoration of the Qingtang hall, a well was found inside it. According to the records, the dwellings of local people in the south of Anhui are equipped with wells on both sides, which are warm in winter and cool in summer. The well here plays an educational role that it is to remind people of drinking from the source.