EWHA 이화 梨花
Floral designs with five petals and stamens in the center, such as a Japanese apricot blossom motif, have long been used in East Asia. In modern times, these designs have been identified and standardized. A plum blossom motif that was used as the seal for the Korean Empire and its imperial family is one such example. Early plum blossom designs were similar to a traditional Japanese apricot blossom design, but the details were rendered differently as shown in stamps, currency, formal dress, medals, court craftworks, and Western style court tableware. The familiar plum flower design with five distinctively divided petals and three stamens on each petal was standardized in the late 1900s. This became an archetypal design that influenced other floral patterns such as the pear blossom, which has similar features.The pear blossom (ewha) design found in official documents of Ewha Haktang in the 1910s to 20s was a flower with five distinctively divided petals and three stamens on each petal, which resembled the plum blossom motif used as the imperial seal since the era of the Korean Empire. It was in 1930 when pear blossom motifs began to appear that were differentiated from that of the plum blossom. Enda M. Van Fleet at Ewha College was known to have redesigned the emblem for Ewha College and Ewha Kindergarten Training School, by depicting two concentric circles with a Taegeuk symbol and a small pear blossom at the top and bottom spaces between the circles. A few years later, the Taegeuk was moved to the bottom, and a cross was placed at the top, and the names of Ewha College and Ewha Kindergarten Training School were placed at the right and left space of the Taegeuk, and the years of each school’s founding, 1910 and 1925, respectively, were placed. Until the 1930s, the previous design was used alongside the newer ones. In 1939, the emblem was altered by the Japanese Government General of Korea, as the drawing of Namdaemun and the Taegeuk were removed, but the original design was reclaimed along with Korean liberation. Today, we can find the foundation years of Ewha Haktang and Ewha University, 1886 and 1945, placed in the basic elements of the design made in 1930.