Surrey Commercial Docks and environs, Rotherhithe, Southwark, Greater London
The word 'hithe' means a haven or landing-place on a river. Surrey Commercial Docks, a large group of docks built on marshland at Rotherhithe, originated when a wet dock was built in 1696. Others followed, named after the origin of their cargoes, including Greenland, Canada, Norway and Russia Docks. An obvious target during the Second World War, a raid on 7 September 1940 set fire to over a million tonnes of timber, creating one of the most intense fires of the Blitz. Decline set in after the war and the docks closed in 1969. The majority were filled as the area was redeveloped for housing and leisure, and renamed Surrey Quays.