From transit to permanance Displaced persons and new Viennese
Between 1945 and 1955, 300,000 Jewish refugees, mostly survivors from Eastern Europe, lived in Austria, above all in the American DP camps. They wanted to go to Israel or the USA, and only a few remained here. Austria was also a transit land during the Cold War. After the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, 17,000 Jews came as refugees to Vienna. Once again a few remained and became members of the new Jewish community. Between 1968 and 1989, around 300,000 Soviet Jews passed through neutral Austria, including many Bukharan Jews on their way to Israel. Disappointed with their new life, some decided to return to the USSR, but the Soviets refused to take them back, so they were left stranded in Austria. They and their descendants now account for almost a third of the Viennese Jewish community. It is less well known that many Iranian Jews have also used Austria as a transit land since the Islamic revolution in 1979.