Discovered during a dig in the vicinity of height 252.2, belonged to the radio gunner of the 181st tank brigade of the 18th tank corps of the 5th Tank Army Salim Khazieyevich Abdalov (a Bashkir). His remains were buried in a communal grave in the village of Shakhovo of the Prokhorovka District in 2007.
P. I. Shpetny, a Hero of the Soviet Union.T
he platoon of anti-tank riflemen under the command of senior lieutenant Pavel Ivanovich Shpetny was deployed at height 226.6. Seven tanks of the SS Panzer Division Totenkopf approached their trenches. Six were knocked down by Shpetny’s platoon, and the final one was destroyed by the senior lieutenant, who threw himself under the machine with two antitank bombs. P. I. Shpetny was made a Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
Pavel Alekseyevich Rotmistrov was born in the village of Skovorovo of the Tver Governorate into a family of the village blacksmith and had eight siblings. He joined the army in 1919 and was awarded his first decoration, the Order of the Red Banner, in 1921. By the time the Great Patriotic War started, he had been promoted to colonel and was chief of staff of the third mechanized corps. During the Battle of Prokhorovka, P. A. Rotmistrov commanded Soviet tank units. It is the actions of the troops under the direct command of P. A. Rotmistrov that stopped the enemy from accomplishing any of its missions on 12 July — the Nazis failed to capture Prokhorovka, pierce defenses of the Soviet troops, and break through into open ground.
Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin was an army general. He was born on 13 December 1901 in the village of Chepukhino of what is currently the Valui District of the Belgorod Region. In 1943, during the holding battle on the Kursk Bulge, he took command of the Voronezh Front. Under his command, the Voronezh Front troops successfully repelled enemy attacks and, when switched from defense to offense, N. F. Vatutin showed the example of forming powerful shock troops. In February 1944, he was heavily wounded. He died in a hospital in Kyiv on 15 April 1944 and was buried in Kyiv. N. F. Vatutin was made a Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
The post-war development of the region centered on agricultural production and processing industry. From 1947 to 1956, thirty Prokhorovka residents were awarded the highest award in the Soviet Union—the Order of Lenin—for their outstanding labor achievements. These included agricultural workers, doctors, teachers, as well as railway and transportation workers.
Now the museum is one of the most accessible and popular institutions, combining a repository of cultural artifacts, a scientific and educational center, and a cultural and intellectual activity space. The monuments and objects in the museum commemorate the achievements of the Russian people in the struggle against fascism. The museum’s mission is to preserve the memory of the Great Patriotic War (World War II), and the heroic deeds of the defenders of our native land.