300 AD

Viterbo Stone

Unioncamere

“Quando la pietra si fa arte e architettura nel rispetto di una tradizione secolare e di un sapere tutto italiano”

Historical Background

The richness of the Tuscia subsoil has caused this area to become an important centre for the processing of stones, especially peperino (a type of volcanic tuff), which is worked by hand by particularly talented stonemasons, who have turned stone into an art form by creating interior and exterior fixtures, restorations, coverings, flooring, garden furniture and street furniture.

Monsters in the Gardens of Bomarzo

This stone has been used since the Palaeolithic era and later by the Etruscans for their sarcophagi and by the Romans for their public buildings, eventually becoming the dominant building material for Medieval and Renaissance constructions.

Sculpture of Neptune in the Gardens of Bomarzo

In ancient times, peperino was used in the area around Viterbo for the construction of the Roman Theatre in Ferento, and later, in the Medieval period, for the construction of various districts, including some of the most characteristic towns in the area. The use of this stone also played an important role in the Renaissance period.

A "stonemason" at work

Even today, activities connected to the peperino supply chain are still very widespread, and range from extraction to artistic working and cladding.

Artistic creation of coats of arms

The Local Area

The lodge of Palazzo dei Papi in Viterbo

Peperino is a tuff stone typical of the area around Monti Cimini. 

This stone protrudes from the Cimino volcano, forming a plateau with a radius of around 15 km, the epicentre of which is the Municipality of Vitorchiano. 

Extraction and transformation activities are concentrated in this area, though the latter is fairly widespread throughout the rest of the province and in the capital. 

The artisanal processing of stone is typical of the whole province of Viterbo.

Credits: Story

Curator — Camera di Commercio di Viterbo

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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