Tibetan Dwellings Settlement and Housing in Tibet Autonomous Region

Museum of Ethnic Cultures, Minzu University of China

Traditional House of Lulang
Lulang means Dragon King Valley in Tibetan. Located 3700m above sea-level on a mountain plateau between Sichuan and Tibet. it is also called the  "Forgetting Home" place. 

The size of house in Lulang is relative huge, with thick soil-earth walls and a shingle-covered roof.

Interior of typical Lulang house.

The big room indoor is used as the kitchen, where chopped firewood is fired in a big iron stove, a long table and long bench are placed within as well.

A cupboard is placed against the wall, milk granules are hanged on the ceiling for drying.

Large stove with copper pots and utensils.

Traditional Bomi House
Bomi Country (Tibetan: སྤོ་མེས་རྫོང།སྤོ་སྨད་རྫོང་)  is located in Nyingchi Prefecture in south-eastern of Tibet. 

The wooden houses in Bomi are pure wooden structure. The big and gentle-slope roof is covered by shingles, and walls are stacked by applying thick-board tenon vertically and are painted in red.

Thick planks are paved on the indoor floor, while the indoor space is separated into scripture hall, bedroom, and kitchen with wooden boards. The corral and straw bar are built independently.

Rural Stone Houses of Tibet

In the rural areas of Tibet, the civilian house is built with different material: the front wall is made of dressed stones, while the rest walls are made of adobe.

Room for the Lamas

The iron art gate is decorated with colored painting, where a head of cow is suspended on the top, and a huge national flag are flying above.

The house has two stories: the ground floor is used as kitchen and meeting room and the first floor is used as bedroom and scripture hall, which looks bright and broad.

The Jiedexiu town of Gongga county is one of the main farming regions in Tibet. The two-story house is dished, with an independent courtyard.

One corner on the flat roof is decorated with prayer flags, while another five-starred red flag is placed on the other side.

Tents in pastures of the Tibetan Plateau are made of yak-haired flannels and stay cords, which like four-side folding celling covering on the grass. Two wooden pillars are used to support the tent.

There are over twenty yak-haired rope are used at the top and the waist stretching to different directions, and they are fixed with wooden nails on the grass. Removable thick wooden sticks are used to support those ropes, which can make the tent uptight. Several silvers of skylight are set along the ridges for lighting and smoke evacuation.

Some tents are suitable for semi-mountain and semi-pasture, surrounded by a half-meter-high short wall made of flagstones or turfs, to against cold wind and animals invasion. Tents can be taken with people when they move to other places, but short walls is left behind for recycling.

Woolen felts and hides are paved on the grass, so that the grass can recover fast after remove.

The cooking stove is considered as the center of a tent, men will live at the left, while women will live at the right. A shrine is placed behind the stove. Sacks filled with grains or cow chips are used to compress the bottom of the tent tightly for against cold wind.

Credits: Story

Museum of Ethnic Cultures, Minzu University of China, Beijing

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