1797

The Beauty of Traditional Korean architecture

JO SanKu

'Bukchondaek hanok'

Andong Hahoe Village

Turning back on mountain and facing water, Hahoe Village bequeaths Korean tradition to the next generation. Hahoe Village is a living heritage not only for its traditional legacy but also for its natural harmony.

Resembling the Nakdong River around the Hahoe Village, Three-hundred-year-old pine tree welcomes the visitors of Bukchondaek. 

Ryu Sachungong, the constructor of Bukchondaek, wished for prosperity of the household by transplanting this pine tree from the Hua mountain.

Three hundred years old pine tree sits behind Sarangbang, creating great composition

Bukchon daek

Built in 1797, Bukchondaek is the biggest house in Hahoe Village. Bukchondaek encapsulates the spirit of noblesse oblige and wisdom of Korean aristocrats.

The first gateway into Bukchondaek, Soteul Daemun. 

Big Sarangche, Bukchon Yuguh

Of the many buildings of Bukchondaek, Bukchondaek Yuguh best depicts the harmony between architecture and nature. 

The sliding doors can be lifted to make the building into one unified space.

The signboard of Bukchon Yuguh saying Bukchon gracefully lives is written by Chosun dyansty’s calligrapher Haesa Sung Geun Kim.

Of the many buildings of Bukchondaek, Bukchondaek Yuguh best depicts the harmony between the architecture and nature. The sliding doors can be lifted to make the building into one unified space.

The signboard of Bukchon Yuguh which means Bukchon will gracefully lives is written by Chosun dyansty’s calligrapher Haesa Sung Geun Kim.

북촌유거 현판은 조선 말엽 철종 때의 명필인 해사 김성근의 글씨로 북촌이 기품있게 기거하고 있다는 뜻이다.

BukchonYuguh - the building is occupied by the oldest male member of family, grandfather, and was also open as reception area for guests.
Sarangbang of BukchonYuguh, decorated with 12-fold screen 
Sarangbang at night

Bukchon Yuguh Numaru

Numaru offers a perfect view of the surrounding geography- Hua mountain to the East, Buyongdae and Nakdong river to the North, Nam mountain and Byung mountain to the South.

Daechung maru of Hwagyungdang
Panoramic view of BukchonYuguh's numaru - the loft

Many traditionally beautiful buildings including Bukchon Yuguh are located north to Hwakyungdang.

Medium Sarangche, 'Hwakyungdang'

Hwakyungdang was occupied by the male breadwinner of the family. The signboard of Hwakyungdang written by Ho Ha promotes family harmony and filial piety.

Hwagyungdang, occupied by male member with economical responsibility; the building has small maru area, surrounded by short banister.
Hwagyungdang's small maru and fireproof wall 
Sarangbang of Hwagyungdang
King Jeongjo's writing is framed for daechung maru of Hwagyungdang

Small Sarangche, 'Soosinwa'

The grandson lived in Soosinwa, the smallest Sarang. The small door on the right allows the young grandson to exit the building without going through the middle door.

The signboard of Soosinwa written by the same calligrapher who wrote the signboard of Bukchon Yuguh means to mind the poor neighbors and live modestly.

The smallest sarangbang is named Soosinwa, where the grandson lived
Soosinwa's maru and sarangbang, decorated with folding screen
Sarangche and Daemunche

Bukchondaek 'Anche'

Anche is the hub for daily activities, receiving guests, and keeping everyday commodity and goods.

While Anche is connected with Sarangche, Anche exhibits far superior structure. In fact, Anche is the biggest building that has a square shape with a garden in the middle. Such magnificence can also be inferred through high ceiling and strong crossbeam.

Furthermore, the well-preserved Korean traditional palanquins display the true worth of Bukchondaek.

Anche is the hub for daily activities, receiving guests, and keeping everyday commodity and goods 
Anche's wooden crossbeam and lotus lantern on ceiling
sedan chair for the lady of the house
sedan chair borne on poles by four men

To the left of the Anche was the kitchen and bedroom and to the right was the Gunnubang, room of the son and daughter-in-law. The room in front of Gunnubang was occupied by the old parents.

The Unique田 shaped bedroom the first two rooms were used for everyday use and guest reception, while the other two stored clothes and household goods.

Landlady occupied Anbang - divided into four even squares
In front of Gunnubang
The upper room
The Lower room
Interior yard
Kitchen and Heating
Back view of Anche

Bukchondaek 'Hoowon'

Bukchodaek Hoowon is located under the hill of Taeng Hwa mountain named after the Taengja tree.

The hill serve as a shield against the strong northwest wind during the winter, while creating cool breeze during the summer time.

Panoramic view of the backyard
Sadang, a shrine, is surrounded by fire-proof wall; the lower section is built with large stones, stacked with mud and tile, creating delicate patterns and also a stable wall 
Anbyuldang used to be occupied by the daughters of family, now only the cornerstones are left

Diverse cultural heritage

The spirit of government service and education still remains in the Hwakyungdang Bukchon, evidenced by the artifacts including Eight State map, Sangbyuck song, anthology, and independence movement records.

When a great flood swiped the village, Dosung Ryu threw valuable construction material Choonyang tree, to save villagers. Ryu’s consideration and unselfishness still remain as Hahoe village’s history.

Bukchondaek bears a cherished belief for centry- ‘noblesse oblige.’

Instead of building servant’s quarter in the house, the owners of Bukchondaek built homes in the village to enjoy freedom after working hours.

Furthermore, Hwakyungdang only received 40 to 50% of the income for rental fee while most other gentries received around 60 to 70%. Due to such generous character of Sukho Dosung Ryu, Hwakyungdang stayed safe from the Donghak peasant movement.

Servant house
Toilet outside of the fence is open to any visitors to teach the future generation both humility and generosity.
Ancient map of Korea showing all eight provinces, including Dokdo and Gando as Korean territory; it is estimated to originate form the 7th Century, a treasured historic reference. 
Saehwa - a painting celebrating new year and prevent calamity, received from the King 

Former Korean president Roh visited Bukchondaek to watch Hahoe Mask Dnace Drama. Furthermore, many celebrities such as Yongjoon Bae stayed at Bukchondaek to experience Hanok, Korean traditional architecture.

Hwagyung bukchon was able to endure three hundred years because of the ancestor’s wisdom and architectural techniques.

Credits: Story

큐레이터 — 권태준
코디네이터 — 박수민, 구하영
주관 — (주)코자자
협찬 — (사)한옥체험업협회
제공 — 유세호 주손 , 북촌댁

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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