1797

The Beauty of Traditional Korean architecture

JO SanKu

'Bukchondaek hanok'
마을전경, From the collection of: JO SanKu

Andong Hahoe Village

Turning back on mountain and facing water, Hahoe Village bequeaths Korean tradition to the next generation. Hahoe Village is a living heritage not only for its traditional legacy but also for its natural harmony.

소나무, From the collection of: JO SanKu

Resembling the Nakdong River around the Hahoe Village, Three-hundred-year-old pine tree welcomes the visitors of Bukchondaek. 

Ryu Sachungong, the constructor of Bukchondaek, wished for prosperity of the household by transplanting this pine tree from the Hua mountain.

북촌유거 툇마루, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Three hundred years old pine tree sits behind Sarangbang, creating great composition

Bukchon daek

Built in 1797, Bukchondaek is the biggest house in Hahoe Village. Bukchondaek encapsulates the spirit of noblesse oblige and wisdom of Korean aristocrats.

문간채, From the collection of: JO SanKu
The first gateway into Bukchondaek, Soteul Daemun. 

Big Sarangche, Bukchon Yuguh

Of the many buildings of Bukchondaek, Bukchondaek Yuguh best depicts the harmony between architecture and nature. 

The sliding doors can be lifted to make the building into one unified space.

The signboard of Bukchon Yuguh saying Bukchon gracefully lives is written by Chosun dyansty’s calligrapher Haesa Sung Geun Kim.

Of the many buildings of Bukchondaek, Bukchondaek Yuguh best depicts the harmony between the architecture and nature. The sliding doors can be lifted to make the building into one unified space.

The signboard of Bukchon Yuguh which means Bukchon will gracefully lives is written by Chosun dyansty’s calligrapher Haesa Sung Geun Kim.

북촌유거 현판은 조선 말엽 철종 때의 명필인 해사 김성근의 글씨로 북촌이 기품있게 기거하고 있다는 뜻이다.

북촌유거 전면, From the collection of: JO SanKu
BukchonYuguh - the building is occupied by the oldest male member of family, grandfather, and was also open as reception area for guests.
북촌유거 (큰사랑)사랑방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Sarangbang of BukchonYuguh, decorated with 12-fold screen 
북촌유거 실내 야경, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Sarangbang at night

Bukchon Yuguh Numaru

Numaru offers a perfect view of the surrounding geography- Hua mountain to the East, Buyongdae and Nakdong river to the North, Nam mountain and Byung mountain to the South.

북촌유거 누마루, From the collection of: JO SanKu
북촌유거 대청, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Daechung maru of Hwagyungdang
북촌유거 누마루 전경, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Panoramic view of BukchonYuguh's numaru - the loft

Many traditionally beautiful buildings including Bukchon Yuguh are located north to Hwakyungdang.

Medium Sarangche, 'Hwakyungdang'

Hwakyungdang was occupied by the male breadwinner of the family. The signboard of Hwakyungdang written by Ho Ha promotes family harmony and filial piety.

화경당과 안채 전경, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Hwagyungdang, occupied by male member with economical responsibility; the building has small maru area, surrounded by short banister.
화경당 쪽마루 난간, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Hwagyungdang's small maru and fireproof wall 
화경당 사랑방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Sarangbang of Hwagyungdang
화경당 대청, From the collection of: JO SanKu
King Jeongjo's writing is framed for daechung maru of Hwagyungdang

Small Sarangche, 'Soosinwa'

The grandson lived in Soosinwa, the smallest Sarang. The small door on the right allows the young grandson to exit the building without going through the middle door.

The signboard of Soosinwa written by the same calligrapher who wrote the signboard of Bukchon Yuguh means to mind the poor neighbors and live modestly.

수신와 (작은사랑) 전면, From the collection of: JO SanKu
The smallest sarangbang is named Soosinwa, where the grandson lived
수신와 사랑방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Soosinwa's maru and sarangbang, decorated with folding screen
수신와에서 본 사랑채와 대문채, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Sarangche and Daemunche

Bukchondaek 'Anche'

Anche is the hub for daily activities, receiving guests, and keeping everyday commodity and goods.

While Anche is connected with Sarangche, Anche exhibits far superior structure. In fact, Anche is the biggest building that has a square shape with a garden in the middle. Such magnificence can also be inferred through high ceiling and strong crossbeam.

Furthermore, the well-preserved Korean traditional palanquins display the true worth of Bukchondaek.

안채, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Anche is the hub for daily activities, receiving guests, and keeping everyday commodity and goods 
마루, From the collection of: JO SanKu
안채 대들보와 천정, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Anche's wooden crossbeam and lotus lantern on ceiling
가마, From the collection of: JO SanKu
sedan chair for the lady of the house
사인교, From the collection of: JO SanKu
sedan chair borne on poles by four men

To the left of the Anche was the kitchen and bedroom and to the right was the Gunnubang, room of the son and daughter-in-law. The room in front of Gunnubang was occupied by the old parents.

The Unique田 shaped bedroom the first two rooms were used for everyday use and guest reception, while the other two stored clothes and household goods.

안채 안방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Landlady occupied Anbang - divided into four even squares
건넌방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
In front of Gunnubang
안채 윗상방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
The upper room
안채 아랫상방, From the collection of: JO SanKu
The Lower room
안채 안마당, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Interior yard
안채 안부엌, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Kitchen and Heating
아궁이2, From the collection of: JO SanKu
안채 뒷면, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Back view of Anche

Bukchondaek 'Hoowon'

Bukchodaek Hoowon is located under the hill of Taeng Hwa mountain named after the Taengja tree.

The hill serve as a shield against the strong northwest wind during the winter, while creating cool breeze during the summer time.

후원, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Panoramic view of the backyard
사당, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Sadang, a shrine, is surrounded by fire-proof wall; the lower section is built with large stones, stacked with mud and tile, creating delicate patterns and also a stable wall 
안별당, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Anbyuldang used to be occupied by the daughters of family, now only the cornerstones are left

Diverse cultural heritage

The spirit of government service and education still remains in the Hwakyungdang Bukchon, evidenced by the artifacts including Eight State map, Sangbyuck song, anthology, and independence movement records.

When a great flood swiped the village, Dosung Ryu threw valuable construction material Choonyang tree, to save villagers. Ryu’s consideration and unselfishness still remain as Hahoe village’s history.

소나무, From the collection of: JO SanKu

Bukchondaek bears a cherished belief for centry- ‘noblesse oblige.’

Instead of building servant’s quarter in the house, the owners of Bukchondaek built homes in the village to enjoy freedom after working hours.

Furthermore, Hwakyungdang only received 40 to 50% of the income for rental fee while most other gentries received around 60 to 70%. Due to such generous character of Sukho Dosung Ryu, Hwakyungdang stayed safe from the Donghak peasant movement.

가람집 전면, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Servant house
행랑채, From the collection of: JO SanKu
행랑채2, From the collection of: JO SanKu
가람집 전면, From the collection of: JO SanKu
화장실2, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Toilet outside of the fence is open to any visitors to teach the future generation both humility and generosity.
도성팔도지도, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Ancient map of Korea showing all eight provinces, including Dokdo and Gando as Korean territory; it is estimated to originate form the 7th Century, a treasured historic reference. 
도성팔도지도, From the collection of: JO SanKu
도성팔도지도, From the collection of: JO SanKu
디딤방아, From the collection of: JO SanKu
기와, From the collection of: JO SanKu
세화, From the collection of: JO SanKu
Saehwa - a painting celebrating new year and prevent calamity, received from the King 
노무현 대통령, From the collection of: JO SanKu
배용준, From the collection of: JO SanKu

Former Korean president Roh visited Bukchondaek to watch Hahoe Mask Dnace Drama. Furthermore, many celebrities such as Yongjoon Bae stayed at Bukchondaek to experience Hanok, Korean traditional architecture.

안채 야경, From the collection of: JO SanKu

Hwagyung bukchon was able to endure three hundred years because of the ancestor’s wisdom and architectural techniques.

Credits: Story

큐레이터 — 권태준
코디네이터 — 박수민, 구하영
주관 — (주)코자자
협찬 — (사)한옥체험업협회
제공 — 유세호 주손 , 북촌댁

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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