Usually most of the bronzes are vessels, instruments or weapons, but Sanxingdui is apparently an exception. These masks of similar style discovered in Sanxingdui distinguish themselves from others. They all have exaggerated facial features and dignified facial expressions. It might be a way for Ancient Shu people to memorialize their ancestors or gods. This mask is the biggest one found in Sanxingdui. Its protruding eyes are considered as the symbol of 'Can Cong', the first group of leaders in Ancient Shu.
Unlike masks, the heads are sculptures in the round and hollow inside. It is possible that there used to be mud or wood body. Those heads have almost the same style as the masks with a longer face. So we cannot tell whether the heads used to wear masks or the masks copied the style of heads. This item's eyebrows and eyes are painted in black, and its ears, nose, and mouth are painted in red. Its hair is tied at back with accessory.
Sanxingdui heads all look alike, but they differ in haircut and head shape. Some scholars think they might represent different races or identities, but there is no compelling evidence to prove this assumption. This head is wearing a braid-shaped hair band. It is also uncommon that each ear has three ear holes.
57 heads are excavated from Sanxingdui and only four of them are decorated with gold foil which means that the owners of these four items were very wealthy and powerful. The gold foil was glued to the surface of the head with material made of lime and lacquer and is therefore easy to fall off. The gold foil of the head is 85% pure.
The bottom part of this figure is missing. It should be standing originally. Kneeling down and standing could be two most important poses in ancestor worship ceremony in Sanxingdui. The crown of this man is the head of a beat with front part missing. The man's face is still typical Sanxingdui Style.
This is a pedestal of a bronze tree sculpture with three men kneeling on it. The shoulders of these three men are all missing, but they still have the facial features mentioned in the previous item. We can see that all the faces of sanxingdui share the same characteristics, no matter what poses they have, where they are placed, or what they are wearing.
资料提供 — 于惠东