History of the castle

Château de Talcy

An easy-going lifestyle

Talcy château, the main facade, Clier Colombe, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Owners and architectural development
Bernard Salviati, architectural legacy of the Middle Ages
Talcy château, detail of the porch tower inner facade, Berthé Philippe, 2008-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

In 1517, Bernard Salviati, a wealthy Florentine banker in the service of King François I acquired the lordship of Talcy and gave it its current layout. In 1520, he received authorization to build a fortified house equipped with defensive features. The castle's external appearance makes it an austere-looking residence; features of the defensive medieval architecture remain, both in terms of their organization and function. Whereas it flourished in Blois and Chambord, the Renaissance retained a rustic style in this haven of peace. Talcy’s archaism, with its estate and its myriad of farms, might even have something of a country residence design about it, with neither opulence nor mannerisms, which it would retain over the centuries and through generations of owners.

Talcy château, the main courtyard, Clier Colombe, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Isabelle Salviati’s refurbishments
Redevelopment and extension work
Talcy château, first floor, Catherine de Medici bedchamber, detail of Isabelle Salviati's monogram, Bordes David, 2006-02-13, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

In 1623, Isabelle Salviati purchased the estate from her mother. It then comprised around 600 hectares and provided a comfortable income. From 1638, redevelopment work on the gable of the church provided the opportunity to extend the castle by adding a modern wing to the east. There she lived, furnishing herself with a bedroom and an office. Her initials, "YS", are sculpted on the internal doors of the porch tower.

Talcy castle, varnished pannels chest of drawers with chinese patterns, Demoulin Jean, 1750, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
André Burgeat, a "modern" residence with outstanding furniture
Extensive work of the Burgeats to modernize the castle
Talcy château, first floor, the small drawing room, portrait of a child in uniform, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

From 1730, carrying on from his father, André Burgeat undertook extensive work to "modernize" the castle, respecting the former style of the residence but bringing a fresh youthfulness to the estate.

Talcy castle, first floor, gallery, armchair, Lelarge Jean-Baptiste, 1700/1750, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Talcy castle, first floor, small drawing room, golden wood table, armchair, Cresson Jean-Baptiste, 1750, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Talcy castle, Elisabeth Gastebois, mother of Elisabeth Pauline Vincens, Bérin, 1742, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Gastebois-Vincens lineage
There was a quest for greater comfort, with large openings created on the first floor and passageways modified to develop the smaller rooms for diverse functions. The furniture and decor of the floors and walls were renewed and brought up to date and the outbuildings refitted. The estate remained in the same family for two centuries.
Talcy castle, Elisabeth Gastebois, mother of Elisabeth Pauline Vincens, Bérin, 1742, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

Widow Elisabeth Gastebois acquired the Talcy estate from André Burgeat in 1780. From then on the estate would remain in the same family, from the Gastebois to the Vincens and finally to the Stapfers, by way of marriage and inheritance, until it was sold to the State by Valentine Stapfer, the last owner.

Talcy château, first floor, great drawing room, sculpture of Mrs Jullien, Houdon Jean-Antoine, 1780, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Talcy château, first floor, the small drawing room, portrait of Mr Vincens, Clier Colombe, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Talcy château, first floor, Catherine de Medici bedchamber, detail of Isabelle Salviati's monogram, Bordes David, 2006-02-13, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

Key dates
1517: Purchase of castle by Bernard Salviati
1552: Les Amours love poems of Pierre de Ronsard
1562, June 28 and 29: Conference of Talcy: in the middle of the Wars of Religion, Catherine de Médicis brought together the Catholic and Protestant parties in a unique attempt at reconciliation that would result in failure.
1572: Wounded in a bloody skirmish, Agrippa d’Aubigné was tended on the kitchen table.
1616: Agrippa d’Aubigné’s Tragiques
1638: Extension work by Isabelle Salviati

Talcy château, groud floor, the great hall, inscription, Bordes David, 2006-10-17, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

1730-1735: Major internal work and redevelopment of the garden by the Burgeat family.
1780: Sale of the André Burgeat estate to widow Elisabeth Gastebois
1870: General Chanzy was invited to Talcy by Albert Stapfer out of Republican conviction to organize the resistance of the armies of the Loire against the Prussians.
1844: Castle taken on by Albert Stapfer
1933: Purchase by the State

Talcy château, first floor, the great drawing room, detail of a cards game, Clier Colombe, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Talcy château, great courtyard, east wing and well, From the collection of: Château de Talcy
Figures from the castle's history
Talcy château, lordly residence facade, Clier Colombe, 2015-07-01, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

Talcy and the poets: Ronsard and Cassandre
The history of the castle of Talcy is characterized by two amorous adventures that inspired well-known 16th century poets. Cassandre Salviati, the daughter of Banco Bernard Salviati, touched the heart of Pierre de Ronsard: she met him at a ball held at the court of Blois in 1544 and became the muse of many of his poems, in particular his Les Amours collection of love poems (1522). During the Wars of Religion, the estate belonged to Salviati’s heirs and her niece Diane was wooed and sung about by Théodore Agrippa d’Aubigné, who stayed at the castle between 1572 and 1573.

Talcy castle, Sophie Burnand, mother of Philippe Albert Stapfer, Handmann Emmanuel Jacob, 1770, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

The salon and the Stapfer's circle of friends
The last owners, Protestants of Swiss origin, the Stapfer family, from Philippe Albert to Valentine, occupied the castle from 1835 to 1933, staying there year round. Coming from a family that included several professors of theology, Philippe Albert Stapfer adopted the ideas of the Revolution and was appointed as the Swiss Minister Plenipotentiary (envoy) in France to negotiate with Napoleon I in 1800.
A friend of François Guizot, who would be the tutor of his children, he had links with a huge circle of intellectuals and scientists, from Benjamin Constant and Madame de Staël to Alexander von Humboldt and André Marie Ampère.

Talcy castle, Jean Stapfer, pastor, father of Philippe Albert Stapfer, Handmann Emmanuel Jacob, 1770, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

A son worthy of his father, Albert Stapfer counted amongst his friends, whom he met at Talcy, Stendhal, Delacroix, François Arago, Etienne Delécluze, Adolphe Thiers and Prosper Mérimée.

Talcy château, village and castle of talcy, daguerreotype, Cadet Patrick, 1850, From the collection of: Château de Talcy

Albert Stapfer: the daguerreotype
A journalist with the Globe and closely connected with the ideas of the opposition, Albert Stapfer mounted the barricades in Paris in 1830. In 1827, Goethe congratulated him for his translation of Faust, in an edition illustrated by Eugène Delacroix. He very soon developed an interest in daguerreotype (a forerunner of photography on non-reproducible metal plate) and produced a number of internal and external views of the castle and a view of the castle of Chambord that is unique in its rarity. His equipment dating from 1839 (Debaste-Brisacier loan collection) is exhibited in the small drawing room.

Castle of Talcy
Credits: Story

This virtual exhibition has been put together by teams from the Centre des monuments nationaux, with the help of teams from the Château de Talcy, the support of teams from the images unit and coordination by the digital unit.
The images were taken from Regards - Banque d’images des monuments © Centre des monuments nationaux.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not represent the views of the institutions whose collections include the featured works or of Google Arts & Culture.
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